The objective of this case report is to highlight treatment by LAT-PCNL in a patient with horseshoe kidney. A 51-year-man with hematuria presented to the emergency department with moderate abdominal pain starting 7 hrs ago. He did not report a history of previous urological disease. Renal stone and horseshoe kidney malformation were diagnosed based on the plain abdominal film, intravenous urogram (IVU), non-contrast computed tomography (CT-IVU), and ultrasound findings. Due to the larger stone bulk and renal malformation, it was not possible to perform extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) monotherapy or ESWL sandwich therapy. Moreover, since percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) had some challenges and limitations due to high skin-to-stone distance, special anatomy, dispersion stones, and possible consequent internal organs injuries, we performed LAT-PCNL on our patient. We did not observe any perioperative complication. Postoperative control abdominal x-ray revealed only a medium ureteral stone that was extracted while removing the Double-J stent a month later. The patient was discharged on the third postoperative day with normal laboratory values. At 3-month follow-up, the patient was stone-free with normal renal function and renal ultrasonography. Laparoscopy-assisted transperitoneal PCNL seems to be a safe and minimally invasive technique that can be used as an alternative approach in the management of renal stones in special cases of horseshoe kidneys.
Research and reports in urology. 2020 Feb 19*** epublish ***
Ramin Haghighi, Abdolah Razi, Ashkan Haghighi, Navid Ebrahimipour, Ali Teimouri
Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnord, Iran., Student Research Committee, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnord, Iran., Department of Emergency Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnord, Iran., Department of Emergency Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.