Several studies have reported associations between vascular calcifications and urinary stone disease (USD). However, results have been inconsistent and the majority of studies did not report on race/ethnicity.
We examined the association between vascular calcifications and USD in a large, racially/ethnically diverse patient population. We identified 672 USD cases and 672 controls (i.e., patients without a history of USD) from patients who underwent non-contrast CT imaging at Montefiore Medical Center in Bronx, New York between 2004 and 2013. Controls were matched to cases on age, sex and race/ethnicity. The non-contrast CT imaging was used to measure abdominal aortic calcification (AAC) and calculate the AAC severity score. Logistic regression models were used to examine associations of AAC presence and severity score with risks of USD and stone types. Cases and controls had similar AAC prevalence (45.2% vs. 44.8%, p = 0.87), and AAC severity score (median 10 vs. 9.3, p = 0.47). The presence of AAC (OR = 0.98, 95% CI 0.78-1.23; p = 0.86) or AAC severity score were not associated with risk of USD: ORs of 0.96, 0.87, 1.07 and 1.03 for increasing AAC quartiles (p-trend = 0.54). There were also no associations in the stratified analyses by race/ethnicity or by sex. However, when USD patients were stratified by stone type, brushite/apatite stone formers had an inverse association with the lowest quartile of AAC severity score (OR = 0.35, 95% CI 0.11-0.84, p = 0.04) in comparison to patients without AAC. Overall, we found no association between vascular calcifications and risk of urinary stone disease in this large, hospital-based, case-control study.
Urolithiasis. 2021 May 07 [Epub ahead of print]
Daniel Schoenfeld, Denzel Zhu, Larkin Mohn, Joseph Di Vito, Ilir Agalliu, Joshua M Stern
Department of Urology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, NY, 10032, USA., Department of Urology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY, 10461, USA., Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 1300 Morris Park Ave, Bronx, NY, 10461, USA., Department of Radiology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, 10461, NY, USA., Department of Urology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY, 10461, USA. .