Urolithiasis is a common disease, and is an important health problem that is associated with a great economic burden. The nature of stone disease varies according by dietary and lifestyle factors, including, among others, climate variations. The majority of patients will suffer a new lithiasic episode at some point in their life, unless preventive measures, such as changing lifestyles and dietary habits, are put in place to avoid it. The risk factors involved in lithogenesis should be evaluated in order to reduce recurrences. In the majority of these patients, metabolic changes are observed in the urine that predispose lithogenesis. The kind of evaluation depends on stone composition and on the clinical presentation. A diagnosis of systemic and renal diseases of lithogenic nature can be diagnosed with these studies, and they also enable the adoption of precise prophylactic measures that achieve control of recurrence in a great number of patients.
Semergen. 2020 Aug 17 [Epub ahead of print]
A Jalón Monzón, P Pellejero Pérez, M Álvarez Múgica, S Escaf Barmadah
AGC de Urología, Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias, Oviedo, España. Electronic address: ., AGC de Urología, Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias, Oviedo, España., Servicio de Urología, Hospital Valle del Nalón, Langreo, España.