Treatment for stone disease has evolved drastically during the past 3-4 decades. Ureteroscopy, percutaneous nephrolithotomy along with SWL, provides the means to treat practically all urinary tract stones with minimal invasion to the patients. However, for complex stone case scenarios where open surgery is being considered, a less invasive and better tolerated option such as laparoscopy (robot assisted or not) can be performed. The present manuscript reviews role of laparoscopic and robotic surgery in treating urinary tract stones.
Urolithiasis. 2017 Nov 23 [Epub ahead of print]
Renato N Pedro, Noor Buchholz
Medical Simulation and Endourology, Faculdade Medicina Sao Leopoldo Mandic, Endourology Staff UNICAMP, Campinas, Brazil., Sobeh's Vascular and Medical Centre, Dubai Health Care City, Dubai, UAE. .