Herein, we assess the cost-effectiveness of a multidisciplinary clinic for children with urinary stones. The clinic's primary goals were to decrease unnecessary visits, imaging, and costs while optimizing the quality of care.
Between October 2012 and January 2016, children with complex stone disease, previously treated in urology and/or nephrology clinics, were seen at a triannual pediatric combined stone clinic. We compared the number and cost of ultrasounds, emergency room (ER) visits, and stone surgeries performed before and after each patient's initial evaluation. All patients received satisfaction surveys.
Among the 79 patients, 27 were seen at least twice in the combined clinic and followed multiple times in either urology or nephrology clinics. The mean number of ER visits per patient per year significantly decreased from 0.29 ± 0.36 to 0.10 ± 0.15 (P = 0.002). The mean cost of ER visits went from CAD$ 23.44 ± 28.80 to CAD$ 4.14 ± 12.18 (P = 0.002). Likewise, the mean annual number and cost of stone-related surgeries significantly decreased [(0.38 ± 0.63 versus 0.20 ± 0.32 after the MSC started (P = 0.026) and mean annual cost of surgeries went from CAD$ 182.97 ± 301.49 to CAD$ 41.59 ± 110.97 (P = 0.022)]. Among the survey responses returned, 75% of families believed the clinic was time-saving.
Despite a small sample size, the number of ER visits and stone-related operations significantly decreased after the initial combined clinic intervention. Longer-term data will hopefully confirm if the positive findings continue.
Pediatric quality & safety. 2021 Sep 24*** epublish ***
Jessica M Ming, Roberto I Lopes, Elizabeth A Harvey, Michael E Chua, Megan A Saunders, Mina Matsuda-Abedini, Darius J Bägli, Walid A Farhat, Joana Dos Santos
Division of Urology, The Hospital for Sick Children and Department of Surgery, University of Toronto; Toronto, ON, Canada., Division of Nephrology, The Hospital for Sick Children and Department of Pediatrics, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.