Management of common bile duct stones in a pregnant woman by percutaneous biliary drainage followed by elective endoscopic stone removal after delivery.

A woman in her 30s who was 12 weeks pregnant with her third child presented with jaundice. Blood tests showed elevated hepatobiliary enzymes and direct bilirubin. Abdominal ultrasonography showed dilatation of the common bile duct and strong echo with a 9 mm acoustic shadow in the distal bile duct. She was diagnosed with common bile duct stone disease and biliary drainage was considered necessary. Percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) was performed considering the effect on both the fetus and the mother, and the procedure was successful without any complications. The PTBD tube was left in place until delivery at 36 weeks 6 days of gestation and endoscopic stone removal was performed 14 days after delivery. The patient was discharged 18 days after delivery without any complications. In pregnant women with common bile duct stones, palliative PTBD followed by elective endoscopic stone removal after delivery can be considered a treatment strategy.

BMJ case reports. 2022 Mar 23*** epublish ***

Komei Kambayashi, Masao Toki, Shunsuke Watanabe, Tadakazu Hisamatsu

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Kyorin University School of Medicine, Mitaka-shi, Tokyo, Japan., Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Kyorin University School of Medicine, Mitaka-shi, Tokyo, Japan .

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