Evaluation of ureteral jet dynamics in pediatric kidney stone formers: A cross-sectional study

The risk of kidney stone formation increases with urinary stasis, which is associated with decreased peristaltism. The relationship between nonobstructive kidney stone formation and ureteral jet dynamics, which can be measured with Doppler ultrasonography (US) and provide information about ureteral peristaltism, has been demonstrated in adults.

To investigate the relationship between ureteral jet dynamics, which provide information about ureteral peristaltism, and stone formation in children.

Children admitted to Dokuz Eylul University Hospital with flank pain, and asymptomatic age-matched children for the control group, were prospectively enrolled and underwent Doppler US for diagnostic reasons and bilateral ureteral jet flow measurements. Children diagnosed with unilateral nonobstructive lower pole kidney stones formed Group 1, and the control group, without any evidence of stone disease, formed Group 2. Ureteral jet dynamics were compared between the affected renal units in Group 1, and healthy renal units in Group 1 and Group 2.

A total of 32 children were included for each group. The mean average jet flow-rate (JETave (cm/second)) in affected renal units in Group 1 was found to be significantly lower than in the healthy renal units in Group 1 and left and right healthy renal units in Group 2 (P < 0.05). The continuous JETpattern rate in affected renal units in Group 1 was found to be significantly higher compared with healthy renal units in Groups 1 and 2 (P = 0.012) (Table). The odds ratio for kidney stone formation was 5.6 for renal units with JETave <9.5 cm/s when compared with renal units with JETave ≥9.5 cm/s.

In a recent study, it was demonstrated in adults that low ureteral jet flow-rate and continuous JETpattern were significantly higher in affected renal units. The findings in children were also similar to adults: the mean JETave was significantly lower and determination rate of continuous flow pattern was significantly higher in affected renal units.

Children with low JETave and continuous JETpattern as a sign of decreased ureteral peristaltism are at an increased risk of kidney stone formation. However, it is vital that further studies are conducted to elaborate on this topic.

Journal of pediatric urology. 2016 Jun 09 [Epub ahead of print]

S Celik, O Bozkurt, C Altay, F Celebi Celik, G Uz, A Soylu, A Kefi, S Kavukcu, M Secil, O Demir

Dokuz Eylul University School of Medicine, Department of Urology, Izmir, Turkey. Electronic address: ., Dokuz Eylul University School of Medicine, Department of Urology, Izmir, Turkey., Dokuz Eylul University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Izmir, Turkey., Dokuz Eylul University School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Izmir, Turkey., Dokuz Eylul University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Izmir, Turkey., Dokuz Eylul University School of Medicine, Department of Pediatric Nephrology, Izmir, Turkey., Dokuz Eylul University School of Medicine, Department of Urology, Izmir, Turkey., Dokuz Eylul University School of Medicine, Department of Pediatric Nephrology, Izmir, Turkey., Dokuz Eylul University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Izmir, Turkey., Dokuz Eylul University School of Medicine, Department of Urology, Izmir, Turkey.

E-Newsletters

Newsletter subscription

Free Daily and Weekly newsletters offered by content of interest

The fields of GU Oncology and Urology are rapidly advancing. Sign up today for articles, videos, conference highlights and abstracts from peer-review publications by disease and condition delivered to your inbox and read on the go.

Subscribe