The development of recurrent urinary tract infections (rUTIs) is not completely understood. This review is aimed at investigating the connection between genetics and rUTIs and summarizing the results of studies that have documented variations in gene expression among individuals with rUTIs compared with healthy individuals.
We analyzed the database from the Korean National Infectious Diseases Surveillance to reveal clinical characteristics of co-infection with Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (CT).
3D organotypic cell cultures offer the possibility to study cell growth in a more in vivo like situation. To our knowledge no 3D culture of primary urothelial cells has been established yet. BK Polyomavirus (BKPyV), replicating in urothelial cells, may cause haemorrhagic cystitis in immunocompromised patients.
Candida as a cause for urinary tract infection in healthy individuals is unusual. The extension of fungi into the urinary collecting system rarely leads to formation of bezoars or fungus balls. This can in turn lead to hydronephrosis, obstructive uropathy and sepsis.
Asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) is a common finding in many populations, including healthy women and persons with underlying urologic abnormalities. The 2005 guideline from the Infectious Diseases Society of America recommended that ASB should be screened for and treated only in pregnant women or in an individual prior to undergoing invasive urologic procedures.
Candiduria is commonly seen in hospitalized patients and most of the patients are asymptomatic, but it may be due to cystitis, pyelonephritis, prostatitis, epididymo-orchitis or disseminated candidiasis.
To investigate severe infectious complications after intravesical treatment with bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG). We examine a retrospective case series of ten patients between 2006 and 2018 with severe cystitis or systemic infection after BCG.
Nocardia farcinica usually infects the respiratory tract and can sometimes cause central nervous system infections; however, it rarely infects the prostate. Here we report the first case of N. farcinica detected in the purulence specimen drained from a prostate abscess.
A worldwide increase in antimicrobial-resistant microbes due to the improper use of antimicrobial agents, along with a lack of progress in developing new antimicrobials, is becoming a societal problem.