Infections

Management of Urosepsis in 2018.

Despite optimal treatment, urosepsis has still high morbidity and mortality rates. An updated definition and classification system for sepsis have recently been introduced. Management of urosepsis comprises four major aspects: (1) early diagnosis, (2) early empiric intravenous antimicrobial treatment, (3) identification and control of complicating factors, and (4) specific sepsis therapy.

The efficacy and safety of tazobactam/ceftolozane in Japanese patients with uncomplicated pyelonephritis and complicated urinary tract infection

We report efficacy and safety results for a combination of a novel cephalosporin class antibiotic and a β-Lactamase inhibitor, tazobactam/ceftolozane (1:2) at a dose of 1.5 g intravenously every 8 h in Japanese patients with uncomplicated pyelonephritis and complicated urinary tract infection.

Differential protein expression in patients with urosepsis

Urosepsis in adults comprises approximately 25% of all sepsis cases, and is due to complicated urinary tract infections in most cases. However, its mechanism is not fully clarified. Urosepsis is a very complicated disease with no effective strategy for early diagnosis and treatment.

ACR Appropriateness Criteria® Acute Pyelonephritis.

Pyelonephritis refers to infection involving the renal parenchyma and renal pelvis. In most patients, uncomplicated pyelonephritis is diagnosed clinically and responds quickly to appropriate antibiotic treatment.

Nonantibiotic prevention and management of recurrent urinary tract infection

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are highly prevalent, lead to considerable patient morbidity, incur large financial costs to health-care systems and are one of the most common reasons for antibiotic use worldwide.

Does the urinary tract infection caused by carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative bacilli impact the outcome of kidney transplant recipients?

The incidence of urinary tract infection (UTI) after kidney transplantation (KT) caused by multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria is growing. The aim of this study was to analyze the impact of UTI caused by carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative bacteria (CR-GNB) in the survival of graft and recipients following KT.

Enrichment of semen culture in the diagnosis of bacterial prostatitis

The objective was to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of our microbiological protocol to simplify the evaluation of bacterial prostatitis in the clinical practice. Our findings show the possibility to apply our alternative enrichment semen culture method to detect prostatic bacterial infection with higher sensitivity than the gold standard M&S technique.

Treatment of Renal Fungal Ball with Fluconazole Instillation Through a Nephrostomy Tube: Case Report and Literature Review

BACKGROUND Urinary tract candida infection can be due either to hematogenous dissemination of the organism or a retrograde infection. In debilitated or immunosuppressed septic patients, who have upper urinary tract obstruction with renal filling defect, fungal infection should be considered.

Pneumoscrotum after colorectal surgery: A case report

Pneumoscrotum is a very rare complication. Currently, very little evidence-based medicine exists on treatment guidelines. We think a prophylactic antibiotic course and a 48 hours in hospital observation are justified in these rare cases.

Adapted Bacteriophages for Treating Urinary Tract Infections

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are among the most widespread microbial diseases and their economic impact on the society is substantial. The continuing increase of antibiotic resistance worldwide is worrying.

Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections are associated with Frailty in Older Adults

To understand the relationship between frailty, age and recurrent urinary tract infections (rUTIs).

The Timed Up and Go Test (TUGT), a measure of frailty, was administered to all adults ages ≥65 presenting to an academic non-oncologic urology practice from December 2015 to January 2018.

The Prevalence of Urinary Tract Infection Following Flexible Ureterenoscopy and The Associated Risk Factors

 To evaluate the risk factors for urinary tract infection (UTI) after retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS).

 A retrospective evaluation of the records of patients who underwent RIRS from January 2013 to September 2016 was performed.

Community-Acquired Urinary Tract Infection by Escherichia coli in the Era of Antibiotic Resistance

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) caused by Escherichia coli (E. coli) are the most common types of infections in women. The antibiotic resistance of E. coli is increasing rapidly, causing physicians to hesitate when selecting oral antibiotics.

Ureteral stents in urolithiasis

Ever since the ureteral stent design was fitted with a curl on both sides to prevent it from migrating up or down the ureter some 40 years ago, its use has gained tremendous momentum, aiding in the rise and evolution of endourology and has confidently kept its place in modern time urology.

Patient Distress in Women with Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections: How Can Physicians Better Meet Patients Needs?

Recurrent urinary tract infections are a common condition that can impact patients' quality of life. The purpose of this review is to summarize and analyze the literature regarding the distress that these infections can cause to patients and provide guidance to clinicians on how to improve care of these patients.

Naftopidil for the treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms compatible with benign prostatic hyperplasia

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a common condition in ageing men that may cause lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Treatment aims are to relieve symptoms and prevent disease-related complications.

A Review of Cranberry Use for Preventing Urinary Tract Infections in Older Adults

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one the of the most common types of infections in adults older than 65 years of age. Preventing UTIs with prophylactic antibiotics increases the risk of side effects and microbial resistance, and is costly.

Genital Wart and Human Papillomavirus Prevalence in Men in the United States From Penile Swabs: Results From National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a common sexually transmitted infection in the United States that can lead to both malignant (high-risk) and benign (low-risk) findings. These low-risk findings include both genital condyloma, anal warts, and adult or juvenile papillomatosis, which are directly attributable to subtypes HPV 6 and HPV 11.

Bacteruria

Excerpt

Bacteriuria is the presence of bacteria in the urine and can be classified as symptomatic or asymptomatic. A patient with asymptomatic bacteriuria is further defined as having colonization with one or more organisms in a urine specimen without symptoms or infection.

Participant experiences of clean intermittent self-catheterisation, urinary tract infections and antibiotic use on the ANTIC trial - A qualitative study

Recurrent urinary tract infections are a commonly reported problem in people who use clean intermittent self-catheterisation. Yet there is a lack of knowledge regarding both the impact on people's lives, the use of prophylactic anti-biotics and perceptions of patients on their use.

email news signup