Infections

[Community acquired urinary tract infections - association with risk factors : Changes in causative organisms and resistance over time]

Published studies on community-acquired urinary tract infections (UTI) often do not link microbiological findings with clinical risk factors and patient data.

We retrospectively correlated clinical findings of all patients with UTI of a urological outpatient clinic with the respective microbiological analysis of their urine samples over 2 periods of time: (A: 2005-2006 and B: 2011-2012).

Acute focal bacterial nephritis is associated with invasive diagnostic procedures - a cohort of 138 cases extracted through a systematic review

Acute focal bacterial nephritis (AFBN) is a rare disease currently described only in case reports and small case series. In this study we summarize the clinical features of AFBN as has been documented in the literature and draw recommendations on the proper diagnosis and therapy.

Impact of the medical specialty on knowledge regarding multidrug-resistant organisms and strategies toward antimicrobial stewardship

Evidence is scarce on subject-specific knowledge of multidrug-resistant organisms and rational use of antibiotics. We aimed at evaluating attitude, perception, and knowledge about multidrug-resistant organisms (MDRO) and antibiotic prescribing among urologists versus other medical specialties.

Hospital-acquired Urinary Tract Infections in Neonatal ICU Patients: Is Voiding Cystourethrogram Necessary?

To evaluate the radiographic findings of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) patients diagnosed with hospital-acquired urinary tract infection (UTI).

Children with no preexisting genitourinary anomalies undergoing a voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG) for culture-documented UTI during NICU admission were identified.

Is diabetes mellitus associated with clinical outcomes in aging males treated with transurethral resection of prostate for bladder outlet obstruction: implications from Taiwan Nationwide Population-Based Cohort Study

We assessed the lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTSs) and clinical outcomes between diabetes mellitus (DM) patients and non-diabetic (non-DM) patients receiving transurethral resection of prostate (TUR-P).

Shock due to urosepsis: A multicentre study

Urosepsis is a severe infection that can cause shock afterwards. The purpose of this study is to investigate the clinical and bacterial risk factors for shock in those cases with urosepsis caused by urinary tract infection in a multicentre study.

Yeast Mannan Oligosaccharide Dietary Supplement In the Treatment of Chronically Acute Urinary Tract Infections - Full Text

ABSTRACT:  Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are the most common bacterial infection experienced by women. Approximately 50 to 60% of all women in the United States will be diagnosed with UTIs at least once in their lifetime. Many of them develop recurrent infections; the frequency tends to increase with age. UTIs can be treated with antimicrobial drugs, although not without complications.

For reliable urine cultures in the detection of complicated urinary tract infection, do we use urine specimens obtained with urethral catheter or a nephrostomy tube?

The aim of this study was to compare the results of urine cultures obtained either from urethral, and percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN) catheters.

This study included 328 consecutive patients that underwent PCN at our institution with complicated urinary tract infections (UTIs) between July 2010 and April 2015.

Risk factors for bacteremia in urinary tract infections attended in the emergency department

Urinary tract infections (UTI) are common in emergency departments (ED), and at least 15% of them are bacteremic. However, there are few data on how to predict which patients are at high risk of developing bacteremic UTI (b-UTI).

Postrenal Failure due to Urinary Stones Associated with Acute Viral Gastroenteritis: Three Case Reports

Acute gastroenteritis with viral infection in infants causes severe diarrhea and often results in acute renal failure due to severe dehydration. However, a viral infection, particularly rotavirus, rarely induces postrenal failure due to bilateral stones in infants.

Constitutional Symptoms Trigger Diagnostic Testing Before Antibiotic Prescribing in High-Risk Nursing Home Residents

To evaluate the use of diagnostic testing before treating an infection in nursing home (NH) residents suspected of having a urinary tract infection (UTI) or pneumonia.

Prospective longitudinal study nested within a randomized trial, using data from control sites.

Risk Factors for Urethral Condyloma among Heterosexual Young Male Patients with Condyloma Acuminatum of Penile Skin

To our knowledge, this is the first study that focuses on risk factor of urethral condyloma (UC). The subjects of our study included genital warts patients who had been diagnosed as having condyloma acuminatum of penile skin (CAPS) with/without UC.

Diagnosis of trichomoniasis in men by urine cytology

Trichomonas vaginalis is a rare finding in urine cytology specimens, especially those from men; only 2 case reports have been described in the literature. The authors of the current report sought to determine the incidence and clinical significance of this finding in urine cytology in males.

Surveillance of microbiological contamination and correct use of protective lead garments

Healthcare associated infections are an important threat of Public Health. Several studies investigated the possible role played by the hospital environment in the transmission of nosocomial pathogens.

Making infection prevention education interactive can enhance knowledge and improve outcomes: Results from the Targeted Infection Prevention (TIP) Study

The purpose of this study was to assess effectiveness of an interactive educational program in increasing knowledge of key infection prevention and control (IPC) principles with emphasis on indwelling device care, hand hygiene, and multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs) among nursing home (NH) health care personnel (HCP).

Delayed upper tract drainage on voiding cystourethrogram may not be associated with increased risk of urinary tract infection in children with vesicoureteral reflux

Urinary stasis in the setting of obstruction provides an opportunistic environment for bacterial multiplication and is a well-established risk factor for UTI. Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) with delayed upper tract drainage (UTD) on VCUG has been reported to correlate with increased UTI risk.

[Association between chronic urinary tract infection and primary biliary cirrhosis]

The etiology of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) remains unclear, and at present, this disease is considered to be caused by the combined effect of genetic factors, infection, autoimmunity, and environmental factors.

[Better antibiotic use in complicated urinary tract infections; multicentre cluster randomised trial of 2 improvement strategies]

To compare the effectiveness of two strategies to improve antibiotic use in patients with a complicated urinary tract infection.

Multicentre cluster randomised unblinded trial.

The departments of Internal Medicine and Urology from 19 hospitals in the Netherlands took part in this trial.

Urinary tract infection in the setting of vesicoureteral reflux

Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is the most common underlying etiology responsible for febrile urinary tract infections (UTIs) or pyelonephritis in children. Along with the morbidity of pyelonephritis, long-term sequelae of recurrent renal infections include renal scarring, proteinuria, and hypertension.

Fighting urinary tract infections with antibiotic and non-antibiotic therapies

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) place a considerable burden on the patient and are associated with substantial economic cost. Treatment of UTIs is mainly achieved using antibiotics, however, the rise in antibiotic resistance is concerning and the use of non-antimicrobial prophylaxis offers alternative treatment methods.

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