Acute gastroenteritis with viral infection in infants causes severe diarrhea and often results in acute renal failure due to severe dehydration. However, a viral infection, particularly rotavirus, rarely induces postrenal failure due to bilateral stones in infants. Herein, we report three cases of postrenal failure in infants due to bilateral ureteral stones induced by acute gastroenteritis with rotavirus. Following immediately nephrostomy, chemical dissolution therapy succeeded to treat postrenal failure. Immediate nephrostomy for the release of upper urinary tract obstruction combined with urinary alkalization as a chemical dissolution therapy should be considered in such cases.
Case reports in urology. 2016 Oct 26 [Epub]
Satoru Kira, Takahiko Mitsui, Hidenori Zakoji, Tadashi Aoki, Norifumi Sawada, Tatsuya Miyamoto, Masayuki Takeda
Department of Urology, University of Yamanashi Graduate School of Medical Science, 1110 Shimokato Chuo, Yamanashi, Japan.