Infections

Don't underestimate Fournier's gangrene: Report of 8 cases in 10 month survey - Abstract

BACKGROUND: Fourniers gangrene caused by synergic aerobic and anaerobic organism is a life threatening disorder.

Neonatal urinary tract infection may increase the risk of childhood asthma - Abstract

The aim of this population-based retrospective cohort study was to investigate the onset of urinary tract infection in newborns and the associated risks of childhood asthma.

The new world of the urinary microbiome in women - Abstract

Emerging evidence challenges the long-held paradigm that the healthy bladder is sterile.

A midstream urine collector is not a good alternative to a sterile collection method during the diagnosis of urinary tract infection - Abstract

AIM: Guidelines recommend collecting urine with suprapubic aspiration or urethral catheterisation in infants with a suspected urinary tract infection (UTI), but the invasiveness of these methods continues to drive research on new urine collection devices.

Screening urine samples for the absence of urinary tract infection using the sediMAX automated microscopy analyser - Abstract

Urinalysis culminates in a workload skew within the Clinical Microbiology laboratory.

Vitamin E as adjuvant treatment for urinary tract infection in girls with acute pyelonephritis - Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Vitamin E is a fat-soluble vitamin that functions as an antioxidant.

A case of Candida albicans fungus balls in the urinary tract appeared during the course of antifungal treatment for Candida endophthalmitis - Abstract

Fungus balls have been rarely implicated as a cause of urinary tract obstruction.

Role of uropathogenic Escherichia coli outer membrane protein T in pathogenesis of urinary tract infection - Abstract

OmpT is one of the members of the outer membrane protein family that has been identified as a virulence factor in most of the uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC).

Colonization with Escherichia coli strains among female sex partners of men with febrile urinary tract infection - Abstract

Of 23 unique Escherichia coli strains from 10 men with febrile urinary tract infections (UTIs) and their female sex partners, 6 strains (all UTI causing) were shared between partners.

Extensive household outbreak of urinary tract infection and intestinal colonization due to extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli sequence type 131 - Abstract

BACKGROUND: Reasons for the successful global dissemination of multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli sequence type 131 (ST131) are undefined, but may include enhanced transmissibility or ability to colonize the intestine compared with other strains.

Urinary tract infection in children younger than 5 years. Etiology and associated urological anomalies - Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the most common underlying organisms, and associated urological anomalies in children presenting with urinary tract infection (UTI).

Subinhibitory antibiotic therapy alters recurrent urinary tract infection pathogenesis through modulation of bacterial virulence and host immunity - Abstract

The capacity of subinhibitory levels of antibiotics to modulate bacterial virulence in vitro has recently been brought to light, raising concerns over the appropriateness of low-dose therapies, including antibiotic prophylaxis for recurrent urinary tract infection management.

Bladder volume at onset of vesicoureteral reflux is an independent risk factor for breakthrough febrile urinary tract infection, "Beyond the Abstract," by Christopher S. Cooper, MD, FACS, FAAP

BERKELEY, CA (UroToday.com) - VUR treatment goals include prevention of febrile infections, prevention of renal injury, and minimizing morbidity of treatment and follow-up.

The role of human papilloma virus in urological malignancies - Abstract

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is associated with cancer of the cervix uteri, penis, vulva, vagina, anus and oropharynx.

Childhood urinary tract infection in primary care: A prospective observational study of prevalence, diagnosis, treatment, and recovery - Abstract

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of targeted and serendipitous treatment for, and associated recovery from, urinary tract infection (UTI) in pre-school children is unknown.

Susceptibility of Escherichia coli from community-acquired urinary tract infection to fosfomycin, nitrofurantoin, and temocillin in Korea, "Beyond the Abstract," by Mi-Ran Seo and Hyunjoo Pai

BERKELEY, CA (UroToday.com) - An increasing trend of multi-drug resistance of E. coli from community-acquired urinary tract infections (CA-UTI) requires other treatment options.

What is the risk of urinary tract infection in children with antenatally presenting dilating vesico-ureteric reflux? - Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The incidence of recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI) in children with primary vesico-ureteric reflux (VUR) presenting symptomatically is well documented.

Predictive factors for kidney damage in febrile urinary tract infection. Usefulness of procalcitonin, "Beyond the Abstract," by Elena Lucas Sáez

BERKELEY, CA (UroToday.com) - Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common bacterial infections in children. Lack of symptom specificity in younger patients, frequent association with malformations of the urinary tract, and the possibility of permanent renal damage require multiple complementary tests in daily practice.

Imaging after urinary tract infection in older children and adolescents - Abstract

PURPOSE: There are few guidelines and little data on imaging after urinary tract infections in older children.

Renal function in adult women with urinary tract infection in childhood - Abstract

BACKGROUND: The risk of deterioration of renal function in patients with urinary tract infection (UTI)-associated renal damage over several decades is incompletely known but of importance in regard to follow-up.