Stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) and CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) have been found to be tightly correlated with the progression of prostate cancer (PC). In this study, we investigated the effects of an SDF-1α/CXCR4 inhibitor, AMD3100, on cell progression and metastasis potential of human PC cells.
Bone metastasis is very common in prostate cancer (PCa) and causes severe pain. PC-3 is an androgen receptor (AR)-negative PCa cell line with high metastatic potential established from PCa bone metastasis.
Sinapic acid (SA) is a derivative of hydroxycinnamic acid and found in various vegetables and fruit species. Aim was to evaluate the anticancer effects of SA in PC-3 and LNCaP human prostate cancer cells.
Unlike the androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) to either reduce the androgen biosynthesis (for example, Abiraterone) or to prevent binding of androgen to the androgen receptor (AR) (for example, Casodex or Enzalutamide), that may result in the decreasing the prostate cancer (PCa) cell growth yet may also increasing the PCa cell invasion, the recently identified AR degradation enhancer ASC-J9® may function via degrading the AR protein to simultaneously suppress the PCa cell proliferation and invasion.
Brassinin (BSN), a type of indole compound derived from cruciferous vegetables, has shown anti-cancer effects in cells and animals. Capsaicin (CAP), an alkaloid derived from the chilli pepper, is also of interest in for its reported efficacy against various malignancies.
Emerging evidence revealed that circular RNAs (circRNAs) play significant roles in regulating tumorigenesis and cancer progression. However, few circRNAs were well characterized in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC).
Purpose: Bladder cancer (BCa) is generally considered one of the most prevalent deadly diseases worldwide. Patients suffering from muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) possess dismal prognoses, while those with non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) generally have a favorable outcome after local treatment.
Bladder cancer has a considerable morbidity and mortality impact with particularly poor prognosis. Curcumin has been recently noticed as a polyphenolic compound separated from turmeric to regulate tumor progression.
SHARPIN, SHANK-associated RH domain interacting protein, associates with a linear ubiquitin chain assembly complex (LUBAC) to regulate inflammation and immunity. It has been reported that SHARPIN is highly expressed in several human tumors including ovarian cancer and liver cancer.
Caveolin-1 (CAV1) has been identified to be up-regulated in many cancers, including clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). However, its potential function is still unclear in ccRCC. In this study, we demonstrated that CAV1 was frequently overexpressed in renal cell carcinoma tissues and cells, and was significantly associated with various clinicopathological parameters.
The anticancer properties of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) are documented in the treatment of several types of cancer; however, there is no relevant evidence for its efficacy in the treatment of renal cell carcinoma (RCC).
Metastasis of cancer is the cause of the majority of cancer deaths. Active compound flaccidoxide-13-acetate, isolated from the soft coral Cladiella kashmani, has been found to exhibit anti-tumor activity.
While overexpression of FSCN1 is reported in several cancers, the prognostic significance of FSCN1 in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and the molecular mechanisms involved remain largely unclear. We retrospectively enrolled 194 patients with non-metastatic clear-cell RCC undergoing nephrectomy in our center between 2008 and 2011.
The epithelium-specific Ets transcription factor, SPDEF, plays a critical role in metastasis of prostate and breast cancer cells. While enhanced SPDEF expression blocks migration and invasion, knockdown of SPDEF expression enhances migration, invasion, and metastasis of cancer cells.
The genetic mechanisms associated with progression of high-risk non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (HR-NMIBC) have not been described. We conducted selective next-generation sequencing (NGS) of HR-NMIBC and compared the genomic profiles of cancers that responded to intravesical therapy and those that progressed to muscle-invasive or advanced disease.
Histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) is a non-canonical, mostly cytosolic histone deacetylase that has a variety of interacting partners and substrates. Previous work using cell-culture based assays coupled with pharmacological inhibitors and gene-silencing approaches indicated that HDAC6 promotes the actin- and microtubule-dependent invasion of host cells by uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC).
Mounting evidence has demonstrated that circular RNAs (circRNAs) play indispensable roles in the progression of bladder cancer. Public database mining showed that hsa_circRNA_100146 (circRNA_100146) was highly expressed in bladder cancer.
SOX2 is an embryonic stem cell marker that in prostate cancer has been associated not only with tumorigenesis but also metastasis. Furthermore hypoxia in primary tumors has been linked to poor prognosis and outcomes in this disease.
IL-7, acting via IL-7 receptor (IL-7R), plays an important role in tumor progression. Elevated IL-7 expression has been reported to be observed in prostate cancer tissues and closely associated with poor prognosis.
The inhibitor of growth family member 3 (ING3) is a member of the ING tumor suppressor family. Although its expression has been reported in various types of cancers, the role of ING3 and its prognostic value in prostate cancer (PCa) has not been investigated.
Bladder cancer is the ninth most common cancer around the world, and is a severe urological cancer irrespective of sex. Approximately 65 % of the bladder cancers will recur following surgery; with more than 20% of those patients showed an advanced and metastatic stage, which reducing prognosis.
Sushi repeat-containing protein X-linked 2 (SRPX2), a novel chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan, is reported to play a critical role in tumorigenesis. However, the expression and functional role of SRPX2 in prostate cancer have not been defined.
High glucose has been known to play a pathogenic role in the development and progression of bladder cancer in diabetics, whereas the leading cause of death in such patients is mainly attributed to hyperglycemia-enhanced metastasis.
In prior research, evidence has been found for a relation between low exposure of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and prostate tumor genesis. This study aims to clarify the underlying mechanisms of lncRNA GAS5 in prostate cancer (PCa).
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common malignancy of the urinary system, and it is a serious threat to human health. HOXA transcript at the distal tip (HOTTIP), located at the 5' end of the HOXA locus, is a long non-coding RNA that has been newly discovered in recent years.
More and more reports have demonstrated that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play an important role in the development of a variety of carcinomas, including bladder cancer. However, only a small fraction of them have been characterized.
As the most commonly occurring form of primary renal tumor, renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a malignancy accompanied by a high mortality rate. 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase 1 (PDK1) has been established as a protein target and generated considerable interest in both the pharmaceutical and academia industry.
Overtreatment of low-grade prostate cancer is a recognised problem for clinicians and patients. However, under-treatment runs the risk of missing the opportunity for cure in those who could benefit.
An accumulating number of studies have reported that the expression levels of microRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) are dysregulated in a variety of human cancer types, including renal cell carcinoma (RCC). miRNAs play essential functions in tumorigenesis and the progression of tumors by serving as oncogenes or tumor suppressors.
Increasing evidence showed that miR-1-3p plays a major role in malignant tumor progression. However, the specific biological function of miR-1-3p in bladder cancer is yet unknown.
The expression levels of miR-1-3p in bladder cancer tissues and cell lines were examined by qRT-PCR.
Our study investigated the expression levels of miR-1231 in prostate cancer tissues and cell lines and explored its potential prognostic significance as well as its functional effects on prostate cancer cells.
Upregulation of the forkhead box protein Q1 (FOXQ1) promotes bladder cancer (BCa) cell growth and metastasis. Factors affecting FOXQ1 expression at the post-transcriptional level have not yet been identified.
In this study, we investigated the mechanism of miR-200c-3p and SLC6A1 in regulating cell activity of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (CCRCC). The mRNA and miRNA expressions of tissue specimens were analyzed by CapitalBio Corporation (Beijing, China).
Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) has the highest rate of metastasis and invasion in RCC and is the third most common adult urinary malignancy. miRNA may serve a critical role in human cancer development and progression, has been confirmed to play a pivotal role in RCC cell invasion and migration.
Neuron-derived neurotrophic factor (NDNF) is a glycosylated, disulfide-bonded secretory protein that contains a fibronectin type III domain. NDNF has been identified as a neurotrophic factor; however, its role in carcinogenesis has not yet been identified.
Most cases of prostate and breast cancer metastasis occur to the bone, and are responsible for the majority of cancer-related deaths. Osteocytes constitute over 90% of adult bone cells. They orchestrate bone remodelling through determining osteoclast activity and affecting osteoblasts.
Scaffold protein neural precursor cell expressed, developmentally downregulated 9 (NEDD9) is a member of the Crk-associated substrate protein family and is known to be a biomarker in multiple cancer types.
Placenta specific 8 (PLAC8) plays an important role in many different cellular processes and human diseases, including multiple types of cancer. However, the functional role of PLAC8 in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) has never been elucidated.
The feline sarcoma oncogene protein (FES) is a non-receptor tyrosine kinase implicated in both oncogenesis and tumor suppression. Here, cancer cell lines and human tissues were employed to clarify the pathological and prognostic significance of FES in bladder cancer.
Metastasis is the main cause of the lethality of prostate cancer. Class I phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases (PI3Ks), which contain 4 isoforms, α, β, δ, and γ, are known to play important roles in cell growth, migration, invasion, and so on.
PlncRNA-1 has been suggested to function as an oncogenic role in prostate cancer, colorectal cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, and gastric cancer. The expression pattern of PlncRNA-1 in retinoblastoma remained unknown.
Non-muscle invasive bladder cancers (NMIBC) are generally curable, while ~15% progresses into muscle-invasive cancer with poor prognosis. While efforts have been made to identify genetic alternations associated with progression, the extracellular matrix (ECM) microenvironment remains largely unexplored.
Interactions between tumor cells and fibroblasts play a pivotal role in cancer development and progression. Indeed, the paracrine communication between these two cell types is known to have physiological effects that alter carcinogenic and metastatic potential.
There are two major types of mouse xenograft models of cancer: subcutaneous implantation and orthotopic implantation. Subcutaneous transplant models are widely used, with both cancer cell lines and human-tumor specimens.
Our most recent studies demonstrate that RhoGDIβ is able to promote human bladder cancer (BC) invasion and metastasis in an XIAP-dependent fashion accompanied with the increased levels of MMP-2 protein expression.
Human galectin-1 is a member of galectin family, proteins with conserved carbohydrate-recognition domains that bind galactoside. Galectin-1 is highly expressed in various tumors and participates in various oncogenic processes.
Bladder cancer (BC) is the most common cancers of the urinary tract worldwide, killing thousands of people a year. WISP3 is a cysteine-rich protein that belongs to the CCN (Cyr61, CTGF, Nov) family of proteins.
MicroRNA-3175 (miR-3175) expression is upregulated in prostate cancer, but its roles and the underlying mechanisms in prostate cancer cell growth and invasion need to be elucidated. This study aimed to uncover the roles of miR-3175 in regulating cell growth and migration, as well as the expression of its predicted target gene cardiac sodium channel β4-subunit gene (SCN4B).
The Notch ligand Jagged1 is subject to regulated intramembrane proteolysis (RIP) which yields a soluble ectodomain (sJag) and a soluble Jagged1 intracellular domain (JICD). The full-length Jagged1 protein enhances prostate cancer (PCa) cell proliferation and is highly expressed in metastatic cells.
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