Infections

Bilateral adrenal haemorrhage associated with heparin-induced thrombocytopaenia during treatment of Fournier gangrene - Abstract

We present a case of bilateral adrenal haemorrhage (BAH) associated with heparin-induced thrombocytopaenia (HIT) in a 61-year-old man admitted to hospital for the treatment of Fournier's gangrene.

General practitioners do not systematically adhere to regional recommendations on treatment of uncomplicated urinary tract infections - Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Uncomplicated urinary tract infection (uUTI) is a common reason for seeing a GP.

Changes in bacterial species and antibiotic sensitivity in intensive care unit: Acquired urinary tract infection during 10 years interval (2001-2011) - Abstract

PURPOSE: Patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) are usually at greater risk for acquiring urinary tract infections (UTIs).

Antimicrobial treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria in noncatheterized adults: A systematic review - Abstract

Asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) is a common clinical finding characterized by the presence of bacteria in the urine of an individual without signs or symptoms suggestive of urinary tract infection.

Urinary tract infections: Leading initiatives in selecting empiric outpatient treatment (UTILISE) - Abstract

BACKGROUND: Overuse of fluoroquinolone antibiotics is associated with outbreaks of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and of Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea and increasing resistance in gram-negative organisms.

Pharmacokinetics of ertapenem in outpatients with complicated urinary tract infections - Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Ertapenem is a broad-spectrum carbapenem antibiotic used to treat severe bacterial infections.

Alcohol consumption and prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection among US men in the HPV in Men (HIM) study - Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Moderate alcohol consumption can impair host defence against viral infections.

New procedure for rapid identification of microorganisms causing urinary tract infection from urine samples by mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF) - Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry is widely established as a technique in clinical microbiology laboratories for the identification of microorganisms.

Antimicrobial prophylaxis for children with vesicoureteral reflux - Abstract

BACKGROUND: Children with febrile urinary tract infection commonly have vesicoureteral reflux.

Evaluation of patients' skin, environmental surfaces, and urinary catheters as sources for transmission of urinary pathogens - Abstract

In hospitalized patients with urinary tract infection or asymptomatic bacteriuria, urinary pathogens frequently contaminate skin, high-touch environmental surfaces, and urinary catheters.

Paediatric urinary tract infections: A retrospective application of the National Institute of Clinical Excellence guidelines to a large general practitioner referred historical cohort - Abstract

BACKGROUND: The National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE) is a United Kingdom nondepartmental public body accountable to the Department of Health.

Ceftolozane/tazobactam activity tested against aerobic Gram-negative organisms isolated from intra-abdominal and urinary tract infections in European and United States hospitals (2012) - Abstract

Ceftolozane/tazobactam is under clinical development for treatment of complicated intra-abdominal infections (IAI), complicated urinary tract infections (UTI) and ventilator-associated pneumonia.

Dipstick screening for urinary tract infection in febrile infants - Abstract

OBJECTIVE: This study compares the performance of urine dipstick alone with urine microscopy and with both tests combined as a screen for urinary tract infection (UTI) in febrile infants aged 1 to 90 days.

Pharmacological study of cefoxitin as an alternative antibiotic therapy to carbapenems in treatment of urinary tract infections due to extended-spectrum-β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli - Abstract

Cefoxitin could be an alternative to carbapenems in extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-EC) infections.

Epidemiological surveillance of bacterial nosocomial infections in the surgical intensive care unit - Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Intensive care units (ICUs) are associated with a greater risk of developing nosocomial infections (NIs) than other departments.

Using intravoxel incoherent motion MR imaging to evaluate cortical defects in the first episode of upper urinary tract infections: Preliminary results - Abstract

PURPOSE: To compare intravoxel incoherent motion diffusion weight imaging IVIM-DWI MRI with DMSA for the evaluation of cortical defect in pediatric upper urinary tract infection (UTI) patients.

Fournier's gangrene: A model for early prediction - Abstract

Early diagnosis remains the cornerstone of management of Fournier's gangrene.

Clinical and microbiological characteristics of Klebsiella pneumoniae from community-acquired recurrent urinary tract infections - Abstract

Understanding the pathogenesis of recurrent urinary tract infection (RUTI) and whether it is attributable to reinfection with a new strain or relapse with the primary infecting strain is of considerable importance.

Changes in urine levels of substance P, vasoactive intestinal peptide and calcitonin-gene-related peptide in patients with urinary tract infections - Abstract

Urinary tract infections (UTI) are important health problems and predisposing causes of UTI are not entirely known.

Mecillinam resistance and outcome of pivmecillinam treatment in uncomplicated lower urinary tract infection in women - Abstract

Pivmecillinam (PIV) is a first-line antimicrobial for treatment of lower urinary tract infection in women (LUTIW).