In hospitalized patients with urinary tract infection or asymptomatic bacteriuria, urinary pathogens frequently contaminate skin, high-touch environmental surfaces, and urinary catheters.
Contamination is more common in patients with a urinary catheter in place and with gram-positive pathogens. Patients' skin and environmental surfaces may provide an important source for transmission of urinary pathogens.
Linder KA, Hecker MT, Kundrapu S, Cadnum JL, Musuuza JS, Sethi AK, Donskey CJ. Are you the author?
Department of Medicine, University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Cleveland, OH; MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, OH; Research Service, Cleveland VA Medical Center, Cleveland, OH; Department of Population Health Sciences, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI; Geriatric Research, Education and Clinical Center, Cleveland Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Cleveland, OH.
Reference: Am J Infect Control. 2014 Jul;42(7):810-2.