Infections

Urinary tract infection and vesicoureteral reflux in children with mild antenatal hydronephrosis - Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The postnatal management of mild antenatal hydronephrosis (ANH) remains controversial.

Demography and burden of care associated with patients readmitted for urinary tract infection - Abstract

BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most prevalent admission diagnoses in hospital-based clinical practice.

Clinical and laboratory indices of severe renal lesions in children with febrile urinary tract infection - Abstract

AIM: To evaluate the predictive value of various clinical and laboratory parameters on the identification of acute extensive and/or multifocal renal involvement in children with febrile urinary tract infections (UTI).

The accuracy of renal point of care ultrasound to detect hydronephrosis in children with a urinary tract infection - Abstract

To investigate the accuracy of renal point of care ultrasound (POCUS) for the detection of hydronephrosis in children with a urinary tract infection (UTI).

Bacteraemia caused by Actinobaculum schaalii: An overlooked pathogen? - Abstract

Actinobaculum schaalii is a uropathogen resistant to ciprofloxacin and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole.

Urinary ATP and visualization of intracellular bacteria: A superior diagnostic marker for recurrent UTI in renal transplant recipients? - Abstract

Renal transplant recipients (RTR) are highly susceptible to urinary tract infections (UTIs) with over 50% of patients having at least one UTI within the first year.

Favorable outcome of Fournier gangrene in two patients with diabetes mellitus on continuous peritoneal dialysis - Abstract

Fournier gangrene (FG), a form of necrotizing fasciitis of the perineum and genitals, with high morbidity and mortality in the general population, carries the additional risk of involvement of the peritoneal catheter tunnel and peritoneal cavity in patients on chronic peritoneal dialysis (PD).

Community-associated urinary infections requiring hospitalization: Risk factors, microbiological characteristics and patterns of antibiotic resistance - Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Although patients with urinary tract infections (UTIs) are usually managed as outpatients, a percentage of them requires hospitalization.

Factors associated with bacteremia in young infants with urinary tract infection - Abstract

BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most frequent severe bacterial infection in infants.

Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamase-positive Escherichia coli causing complicated upper urinary tract infection: Urologist should act in time - Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Recently, many articles reported increased incidence of urinary tract infection (UTI) due to Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamase (ESBL)-producing E. coli.

Obesity and a febrile urinary tract infection: Dual burden for young children? - Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between obesity and febrile urinary tract infection (UTI) in young children.

Influence of inadequate antimicrobial therapy on prognosis in elderly patients with severe urinary tract infections - Abstract

BACKGROUND: Inadequate empirical antimicrobial therapy (IEAT) in intensive care unit (ICU) is associated with adverse outcomes.

Bilateral adrenal haemorrhage associated with heparin-induced thrombocytopaenia during treatment of Fournier gangrene - Abstract

We present a case of bilateral adrenal haemorrhage (BAH) associated with heparin-induced thrombocytopaenia (HIT) in a 61-year-old man admitted to hospital for the treatment of Fournier's gangrene.

General practitioners do not systematically adhere to regional recommendations on treatment of uncomplicated urinary tract infections - Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Uncomplicated urinary tract infection (uUTI) is a common reason for seeing a GP.

Changes in bacterial species and antibiotic sensitivity in intensive care unit: Acquired urinary tract infection during 10 years interval (2001-2011) - Abstract

PURPOSE: Patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) are usually at greater risk for acquiring urinary tract infections (UTIs).

Antimicrobial treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria in noncatheterized adults: A systematic review - Abstract

Asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) is a common clinical finding characterized by the presence of bacteria in the urine of an individual without signs or symptoms suggestive of urinary tract infection.

Urinary tract infections: Leading initiatives in selecting empiric outpatient treatment (UTILISE) - Abstract

BACKGROUND: Overuse of fluoroquinolone antibiotics is associated with outbreaks of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and of Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea and increasing resistance in gram-negative organisms.

Pharmacokinetics of ertapenem in outpatients with complicated urinary tract infections - Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Ertapenem is a broad-spectrum carbapenem antibiotic used to treat severe bacterial infections.

Alcohol consumption and prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection among US men in the HPV in Men (HIM) study - Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Moderate alcohol consumption can impair host defence against viral infections.

New procedure for rapid identification of microorganisms causing urinary tract infection from urine samples by mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF) - Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry is widely established as a technique in clinical microbiology laboratories for the identification of microorganisms.