Active surveillance for favorable-risk prostate cancer: Background, patient selection, triggers for intervention, and outcomes - Abstract

With the advent of increasingly sensitive and widely used diagnostic testing, cancer overdiagnosis in particular has emerged as a problem in multiple organ sites.

This has the greatest ramifications in the case of prostate cancer because of the very high incidence of latent prostate cancer in aging men, the availability of the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test, and the long-term effects of definitive therapy. The condition of most men with favorable-risk prostate cancer is far removed from the consequences of a rampaging, aggressive disease. Most of these men are not destined to die of their disease, even in the absence of treatment. Unfortunately, most of these patients are treated radically and are exposed to the risk of significant side effects. Therefore, a selective approach to treatment is appealing. The concept is to identify the subset that harbor more aggressive disease early enough that curative therapy is still a possibility, thereby allowing the others to enjoy improved quality of life, free from the side effects of treatment. This review article summarizes the evidence supporting active surveillance, and the current approach to this management strategy, including the roles of serial biopsy, PSA kinetics, and MR imaging.

Written by:
Klotz L. Are you the author?
Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, 2075 Bayview Avenue #MG408, Toronto, ON, M4N 3M5, Canada.

Reference: Curr Urol Rep. 2012 Apr;13(2):153-9.
doi: 10.1007/s11934-012-0242-4

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 22477615 Prostate Cancer Section