Introduction: The role of transperineal template biopsy for prostate cancer diagnosis is well established. Pre-biopsy multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is used in most centers for planning of prostate biopsies and staging.
Diagnosis of the presence of tumors and subsequent prognosis based on tumor microenvironment becomes more clinically practical because tumor-adjacent tissues are easy to collect and they are more genetically homogeneous.
Declines in prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels at 12wk are used to evaluate treatment response in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). PSA fall by ≥30% at 4wk (PSA4w30) has been reported to be associated with better outcome in a single-centre cohort study.
Prostate cancer (PC) is considered the fifth most common cancer causing death worldwide. Many studies have pointed to dysregulated microRNA (miRNA) expression in PC and their use in early detection and follow-up of the disease.
Evidence-based guidelines for active surveillance (AS), a treatment option for men with low-risk prostate cancer, recommend regular follow-up at periodic intervals to monitor disease progression. However, gaps in monitoring can lead to delayed detection of cancer progression, leading to a missed window of curability.
Abiraterone acetate is combined with prednisone, 5 mg, twice daily for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) and with prednisone, 5 mg, once daily for newly diagnosed, high-risk, metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer.
Biochemical recurrence (BCR) is important for measuring the oncological outcomes of patients who undergo radical prostatectomy (RP). Whether transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) has negative postoperative effects on oncological outcomes remains controversial.
Despite overexpression of the ErbB (EGFR/HER2/ErbB3/ErbB4) family in castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC), some inhibitors of this family, including the dual EGFR/HER2 inhibitor lapatinib, failed in Phase II clinical trials.
To evaluate the diagnostic performance of a whole-body 18F-choline (FCH) hybrid PET/MRI for prostate cancer patients at biochemical relapse after radical prostatectomy (RP) compared to pelvic multiparametric MRI (mpMRI), one of the standard imaging modality for this patient population.
To estimate the negative predictive value (NPV) of prostate mpMRI in the detection of clinically significant (Gleason ≥7) prostate cancer (csPCa) at long-term follow-up (median 6.7 years, range 2.