Feasibility of shutter-speed DCE-MRI for improved prostate cancer detection - Abstract

The feasibility of shutter-speed model dynamic-contrast-enhanced MRI pharmacokinetic analyses for prostate cancer detection was investigated in a prebiopsy patient cohort.

Differences of results from the fast-exchange-regime-allowed (FXR-a) shutter-speed model version and the fast-exchange-limit-constrained (FXL-c) standard model are demonstrated. Although the spatial information is more limited, postdynamic-contrast-enhanced MRI biopsy specimens were also examined. The MRI results were correlated with the biopsy pathology findings. Of all the model parameters, region-of-interest-averaged Ktrans difference [ΔKtrans ≡ Ktrans (FXR-a) - Ktrans (FXL-c)] or two-dimensional Ktrans (FXR-a) vs. kep (FXR-a) values were found to provide the most useful biomarkers for malignant/benign prostate tissue discrimination (at 100% sensitivity for a population of 13, the specificity is 88%) and disease burden determination. (The best specificity for the fast-exchange-limit-constrained analysis is 63%, with the two-dimensional plot.) Ktrans and kep are each measures of passive transcapillary contrast reagent transfer rate constants. Parameter value increases with shutter-speed model (relative to standard model) analysis are larger in malignant foci than in normal-appearing glandular tissue. Pathology analyses verify the shutter-speed model (FXR-a) promise for prostate cancer detection. Parametric mapping may further improve pharmacokinetic biomarker performance.

Written by:
Li X, Priest RA, Woodward WJ, Tagge IJ, Siddiqui F, Huang W, Rooney WD, Beer TM, Garzotto MG, Springer CS Jr. Are you the author?
W. M. Keck Foundation High-Field MRI Laboratory, Advanced Imaging Research Center, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon, USA.

Reference: Magn Reson Med. 2012 Mar 27. Epub ahead of print.
doi: 10.1002/mrm.24211

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 22457233

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