Prognostic importance of tobacco use in men receiving definitive prostate brachytherapy - Abstract

PURPOSE:Several prominent publications have identified an overall association between tobacco use and an increased risk of disease recurrence and disease-specific mortality in prostate cancer patients.

The authors explored whether tobacco use adversely impacts treatment outcomes in men treated with permanent interstitial brachytherapy.

METHODS AND MATERIALS: From April 1995 to August 2008, 2057 patients underwent brachytherapy by a single brachytherapist. Median follow-up was 7.5 years. The role of tobacco use as a prognostic factor for biochemical progression-free survival, cause-specific survival, and overall survival was investigated. Differences in survival between smokers and nonsmokers were compared using Kaplan-Meier curves and log-rank tests.

RESULTS: Current smokers presented with a lower body mass index (p< 0.001), smaller prostate size (p=0.003), younger age (p< 0.001), higher prostate-specific antigen level (p=0.002), a trend toward higher percentage biopsy core involvement (p=0.08), higher incidence of perineural invasion (p=0.015), and higher risk disease (p< 0.001) than former or nonsmokers. There was no difference in biochemical progression-free survival (p=0.30) or cause-specific survival (p=0.72) at 10 years for smokers compared with nonsmokers. On univariate and multivariate analysis, tobacco use was an adverse risk factor for overall survival (p< 0.001). There was no association between smoking and any prostate cancer-specific outcome.

CONCLUSIONS: Smokers treated with brachytherapy have excellent outcomes and are at no higher risk of treatment failure than men who are nonsmokers.

Written by:
Taira AV, Merrick GS, Galbreath RW, Butler WM, Bennett A, Adamovich E, Lief JH, Wallner KE. Are you the author?
Department of Radiation Oncology, Western Radiation Oncology, Mountain View, CA.

Reference: Brachytherapy. 2012 Mar 8. Epub ahead of print.
doi: 10.1016/j.brachy.2012.02.001

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 22405981 Prostate Cancer Section