Detection and localization of prostate cancer with the targeted biopsy strategy based on ADC Map: A prospective large-scale cohort study - Abstract

PURPOSE: To investigate the usefulness of targeted biopsy strategy based on apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps in the detection and localization of prostate cancer.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Institutional review board approval and informed consent from all participants were obtained. This study included 1448 consecutive patients suspected of having prostate cancer based on PSA level, who were divided into two groups: Group A included 890 patients with low-ADC lesions who underwent targeted and systematic biopsies; Group B included 558 patients with no low-ADC lesions who underwent only systematic biopsies. The cancer detection rates (CDR) of each group, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) of ADC maps were calculated.

RESULTS: The CDR was 70.1% for Group A, higher than those for overall patients (48.1%) and for Group B (13.1%) with significant difference (P < 0.001). In the serum, PSA range from 4 to 20 ng/mL, the CDR was higher for the Group A than for the Group B and overall patients with significant differences. PPV and NPV of MR findings were 70.1% and 86.9%, respectively. Especially, the PPV of the MR findings for the anterior portion was as high as 90.1%. Among the false negatives of MR findings, Gleason score proved 6 or smaller in 79.5%, and positive core number was merely one or two in 80.8%.

CONCLUSION: The targeted biopsy strategy based on ADC maps can be useful in the detection and localization of prostate cancer with high PPV.

Written by:
Watanabe Y, Terai A, Araki T, Nagayama M, Okumura A, Amoh Y, Ishimori T, Ishibashi M, Nakashita S, Dodo Y.   Are you the author?
Department of Radiology, Kurashiki Central Hospital, Kurashiki, Japan.

Reference: J Magn Reson Imaging. 2012 Jan 13. Epub ahead of print.
doi: 10.1002/jmri.23587

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 22246980 Prostate Cancer Section