Five novel prostate cancer risk loci were identified in a recent genome-wide association study (GWAS) of Japanese persons (Takata et al., Nat Genet. 2010;42(9):751-754).
Those authors proposed that apart from population-specific linkage disequilibrium patterns, limitations of GWAS single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) prioritization and/or study design could explain the lack of identification of these loci in GWAS previously conducted among Caucasians. Thus, the authors undertook a replication study in 1,357 prostate cancer patients and 1,403 healthy Australian males of European descent (2004-2008). The rs12653946 SNP at 5p15 was found to be significantly associated with prostate cancer risk (odds ratio = 1.20, 95% confidence interval: 1.07, 1.34; P = 0.002). On the basis of linkage disequilibrium calculations, the rs12653946 SNP represents an independent locus, distinct from the previously identified TERT-CLPTM1L cancer nexus region. Further, analysis from AceView (Thierry-Mieg and Thierry-Mieg, Genome Biol. 2006;7(suppl 1):S12) indicated that rs12653946 falls within the intron of a testis-expressed gene strongly predicted to translate a conceptual 8.1-kilodalton protein named tojy.aApr07. The authors' findings suggest that follow-up of apparently ethnicity-specific risk associations are warranted in order to highlight risk-associated loci for experimental studies and for incorporation into future risk prediction models for prostate cancer.
Batra J, Lose F, Chambers S, Gardiner RA, Aitken J, Yaxley J, Clements JA, Spurdle AB. Are you the author?
Reference: Am J Epidemiol. 2011 Nov 15. Epub ahead of print.