Predictors of Treatment Failure 24 Months After Surgery for Stress Urinary Incontinence

Introduction

Pad use per day is a controversial endpoint for measuring urinary incontinence severity.

Our objective was to determine if pad use could be used as a proxy measurement assessing patient quality of life after pubovaginal sling surgery (PVS).

Methods

Women treated with PVS for symptomatic stress incontinence between June 1998 and April 2005 were identified from surgical case logs. Chart review was performed for demographic, surgical, and post operative data. Patients reporting 0 pads per day usage before surgery were excluded. Surgical outcome was determined by patient self-assessment and included urinary specific validated symptom and impact quality of life questionnaires. All patients were asked to complete the short version of the Urogenital Distress Inventory (UDI-6) and Incontinence Impact Questionnaire 7 (IIQ-7), before and the procedure and during subsequent follow-up visits. At each post operative visit, each subject was instructed to record the number of times a protective urinary pad was changed per day over the past 3 days due to bothersome moisture. The change in total UDI-6 and IIQ-7 scores after PVS was calculated for each subject based on last follow up assessment. ANOVA and Pearson correlation tests were used to assess the change in UDI-6 and IIQ-7 scores for patients reporting changing 0, 1, 2, and 3 or more urinary pads per day.

Results

Data was available on 216 women. Mean age at time of surgery was 58 years and mean pre operative IIQ7 and UDI6 scores were 13.9 and 11.9. Over a mean 8.5 months follow up, 132, 56, 16, and 12 women reported 0, 1, 2, and 3 or more pad changes/day, respectively. Change in both UDI6 and IIQ7 scores showed statistically less improvement for each successive pad use group (Table 1).

Both change in IIQ7 score (r = -0.30, p <0.0001) and UDI6 score (r = -0.33, p<0.0001) negatively correlated with pad use per day. There were no significant differences between preoperative IIQ or UDI scores between pad groups prior to PVS.

Conclusions

Urinary specific quality of life was significantly different between women reporting 0, 1, 2 or >3 pads/ day usage after PVS. Pad use per day can give a proxy quality of life assessment after PVS.

Keywords

Pubovaginal sling, pad use, incontinence

E-Newsletters

Newsletter subscription

Free Daily and Weekly newsletters offered by content of interest

The fields of GU Oncology and Urology are rapidly advancing. Sign up today for articles, videos, conference highlights and abstracts from peer-review publications by disease and condition delivered to your inbox and read on the go.

Subscribe