Darolutamide and survival in nonmetastatic, castration-resistant prostate cancer: a patient perspective of the ARAMIS trial.

This is a summary of a publication about the ARAMIS (Androgen Receptor Antagonizing Agent for Metastasis-free Survival) trial, which was published in the New England Journal of Medicine in September 2020.

The trial was in adult participants with nonmetastatic, castration-resistant prostate cancer (nmCRPC) who received a trial treatment called darolutamide (brand name Nubeqa®). Darolutamide is currently available as an oral treatment for adults with nmCRPC. The ARAMIS trial looked at darolutamide taken by mouth in 1509 participants from 36 countries with nmCRPC (prostate cancer that has not spread to other parts of the body and no longer responds adequately to initial hormone therapy). The trial showed that darolutamide in addition to hormone therapy increased the length of time that the trial participants were still alive for and lowered the risk of death by 31% compared with placebo (sugar pill) and hormone therapy. The participants who received darolutamide and hormone therapy also had longer time to worsening pain, needing chemotherapy, and having cancer-related bone fractures or symptoms related to cancer-related bone fractures compared with those who received placebo and hormone therapy during the trial. In general, the percentage of participants who experienced medical problems (referred to as adverse events) was similar between those who received darolutamide and those who received placebo, in addition to hormone therapy. This summary also includes insights and perspectives from a participant who was in the ARAMIS trial and from a prostate cancer patient advocate. To read the full Plain Language Summary of this article, click on the View Article button above and download the PDF. Clinical Trial Registration: NCT02200614 (ClinicalTrials.gov).

Future oncology (London, England). 2021 Feb 08 [Epub ahead of print]

K Fizazi, Ian Blue, Joel T Nowak

Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, France., Patient author.