To primarily evaluate the functional outcomes of PCNL for bilateral renal calculi/calculi in solitary functioning kidney with Chronic Kidney Disease(CKD). To identify factors affecting the renal replacement therapy following PCNL.
5α-dihydrotestosterone (5α-DHT) is the most potent natural androgen. 5α-DHT elicits a multitude of physiological actions, in a host of tissues, including prostate, seminal vesicles, hair follicles, skin, kidney, and lacrimal and meibomian glands.
Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) provide the most reliable way to evaluate the benefits and harms of interventions. Participants are divided into groups using methods that balance the characteristics (both known and unknown) of the participants between treatment groups; thus, differences in outcomes are due to the interventions administered.
This AUA Guideline focuses on evaluation/counseling and management of adult patients with clinically localized renal masses suspicious for cancer, including solid-enhancing tumors and Bosniak 3/4 complex-cystic lesions.
To objectively assess the impact of renal tumors characteristics and other measurable factors on baseline renal function in patient undergoing partial nephrectomy (PN).
Patients who underwent laparoscopic PN for a T1 renal mass between 2012 and 2016 and who also had a mercapto-acetyltriglycine renal scan prior to surgery were retrieved from a single institution prospectively-collected database.
Urolithiasis can impair kidney function. This literature review focuses on the risk of kidney impairment in stone formers, the specific conditions associated with this risk and the impact of urological surgery.
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