Late relapses (>2 years) in patients with stage I testicular germ cell tumors: Predictive factors and survival - Abstract

Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Chemotherapy, N. N. Blokhin Russian Cancer Research Center, Moscow, Russia.


Late relapses (>2 years) after completion of chemotherapy are rare and often platinum-resistant. There are limited data concerning late relapses in chemotherapy-naïve patients with stage I germ cell tumors. This retrospective analysis was performed to compare the outcome between patients with stage I germ cell tumors, who had late (≥2 years) and early (≥3 months and <2 years) relapse after orchiectomy.

We analyzed data of 1,069 chemotherapy-naïve patients with advanced germ cell tumors of testis treated in our department from 1986 to 2008. All patients had cisplatin- and etoposide-based chemotherapy. We identified 169 (15.8%) patients with prior stage I disease, who had not received adjuvant treatment: 140 and 29 patients had early and late relapse, respectively. Among patients with late relapse, pure seminoma was revealed in 14 patients, and nonseminoma in 15 patients. Median follow-up time for 169 patients was 35 (range, 2-218) months.

Patients with late relapse were older, 35 years (23-57) and had more frequent pure seminoma in primary tumor, 14/29 (48.3%), than patients with early relapse, 30 years (16-63) (P = 0.0008) and 46/140 (32,8%, P = 0.08), respectively. At the time of disease progression, both groups were very similar according to well-known prognostic factors including IGCCCG classification. The only difference was larger size of retroperitoneal lymph nodes in late (9 cm) than in early relapse (4 cm, P < 0.0001). The outcome in patients with late relapse was significantly worse than in patients with early relapse: complete response rate after induction chemotherapy was 20.7% (6/29) vs. 42.1% (59/140) (P = 0.01), 3-year progression-free survival 66% vs. 84% (P = 0.02, HR = 2.4, 95% CI 1.2-8.8) and 3-year overall survival, 72% vs. 88% (P = 0.04, HR = 2.4, 95% CI 1.05-10.25), respectively. In patients with pure seminoma, this difference in overall survival was even more significant: 65% vs. 91% (P = 0.04, HR = 3.8, 95% CI 1.06-32.4).

Late relapses following stage I germ cell tumors were associated with seminoma, older age, and worse outcome after induction chemotherapy.

Written by:
Fedyanin M, Tryakin A, Kanagavel D, Bulanov A, Burova A, Figurin K, Fainshtein I, Sergeev U, Zakharova T, Garin A, Tjulandin S.   Are you the author?

Reference: Urol Oncol. 2011 Jul 29. Epub ahead of print.
doi: 10.1016/j.urolonc.2011.06.001

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 21803619 Testicular Cancer Section