We sought to assess the impact of Affordable Care Act Dependent Care Expansion (ACA-DCE), which allowed dependent coverage for adults aged 19-25, and Medicaid expansion on outcomes for men with testicular cancer.
Using a US-based cancer registry, we performed adjusted difference-in-difference (DID) analyses comparing outcomes between men aged 19-25 (n = 8,026) and 26-64 (n = 33,303) pre- (2007-2009) and post-ACA-DCE (2011-2016) and between men in states that expanded Medicaid (n = 2,296) to men in those that did not (n = 2,265)pre- (2011-2013) and post-Medicaid expansion (2015-2016).
In ACA-DCE analysis, rates of uninsurance decreased (DID -5.64, 95% confidence interval [CI] -7.23 to -4.04%, p<0.001) among patients aged 19-25 relative to older patients aged 26-64. There was no significant DID in advanced stage at diagnosis (stage≥II; p = 0.6) or orchiectomy more than 14 days after diagnosis (p = 0.6). For patients who received chemotherapy or radiotherapy as their first course of treatment, treatment greater than 60 days after diagnosis decreased (DID -4.84%, 95% CI -8.22 to -1.45%, p = 0.005) among patients aged 19-25 relative to patients aged 26-64. In Medicaid expansion states, rates of uninsurance decreased (DID -4.20%, 95% CI -7.67 to -0.73%, p = 0.018) while patients receiving chemotherapy or radiotherapy greater than 60 days after diagnosis decreased (DID -8.76, 95% CI -17.13 to -0.38%, p = 0.040) compared to rates in non-expansion states. No significant DIDs were seen for stage (p = 0.8) or time to orchiectomy (p = 0.1).
Men with testicular cancer had lower uninsurance rates and decreased time to delivery of chemotherapy or radiotherapy following ACA-DCE and Medicaid expansions. Time to orchiectomy and stage at diagnosis did not change following either insurance expansion.
PloS one. 2020 Sep 16*** epublish ***
Adam B Weiner, Stephen Jan, Ketan Jain-Poster, Oliver S Ko, Anuj S Desai, Shilajit D Kundu
Department of Urology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, United States of America., University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, United States of America.