Combined chemotherapy and radiotherapy improves survival in 1897 testicular Lymphoma patients from a contemporary cohort.

The standard of care (SOC) for primary testicular lymphoma (PTL) is orchiectomy, chemotherapy (CHT), and radiotherapy (RT). We hypothesized that men may not receive SOC and may have worse outcomes. To assess this, we queried the National Cancer Database (NCDB) to analyze treatment patterns and survival in PTL patients.

The NCDB was queried (2006-2016) for men diagnosed with extranodal lymphoma with primary site testis. Patients were placed in 2 treatment groups (1) orchiectomy with chemotherapy plus radiotherapy (CHT + RT), named the SOC group; and 2) CHT + orchiectomy, or RT + orchiectomy, or orchiectomy alone, grouped as non-SOC. Propensity score matching and Kaplan-Meier analysis were used to investigate 5-year overall survival (OS).

Two thousand two hundred thirty-two men with PTL underwent orchiectomy. After exclusions, 891 men were included in the SOC group and 1,006 men were included in the non-SOC group. KM analysis showed 5-year OS was significantly higher in the SOC group vs. non-SOC for all stages (hazard ratio = 0.54, with 95% confidence interval 0.45 to 0.65, P < 0.0001).

This study represents one of the largest PTL cohort reported to date reflecting current treatments and shows men receiving standard of care treatment have significantly improved survival. Additionally, analysis reveals that most men included in the NCDB do not receive the standard of care.

Urologic oncology. 2020 Apr 16 [Epub ahead of print]

Fernando Caumont, Christopher Porter, Hannah DeBerg, John Burns, Jason Frankel, John Paul Flores

Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, WA. Electronic address: ., Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, WA., Benaroya Research Institute, Seattle, WA.

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