Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) exhibits a diverse and heterogeneous disease spectrum, but insight into its molecular biology has provided an improved understanding of potential risk factors, oncologic behavior, and imaging features. Computed tomography (CT) and MR imaging may allow the identification and preoperative subtyping of RCC and assessment of a response to various therapies. Active surveillance is a viable management option in some patients and has provided further insight into the natural history of RCC, including the favorable prognosis of cystic neoplasms. This article reviews CT and MR imaging in RCC and the role of screening in selected high-risk populations.
Radiologic clinics of North America. 2017 Nov [Epub]
Alberto Diaz de Leon, Ivan Pedrosa
Department of Radiology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 2201 Inwood Road, 2nd Floor, Suite 202, Dallas, TX 75390-9085, USA., Department of Radiology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 2201 Inwood Road, 2nd Floor, Suite 202, Dallas, TX 75390-9085, USA. Electronic address: .