Germline Genetic Biomarkers of Sunitinib Efficacy in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma: Results From the RENAL EFFECT Trial

Sunitinib, the vascular endothelial growth factor pathway inhibitor, is an established standard-of-care for advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC). This study aimed to assess correlations between candidate germline single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and sunitinib efficacy in patients from the RENAL EFFECT trial (NCT00267748), a randomized phase II study in patients with metastatic RCC comparing the 4-weeks-on/2-weeks-off schedule and a continuous daily dosing schedule.

Informed consent for pharmacogenetics research was obtained from 202 out of 289 treated patients in the trial. Associations between 9 SNP variants (CXCL8, LOXL2, CCDC26, SH3GL2, CLLU1, IL2RA, AURKB, and 2 SNPs on Chromosomes 7 and 12) and progression-free survival (PFS), objective response rate, and overall survival were assessed using Kaplan-Meier analysis, Cox proportional hazard model, and the Fisher exact test.

CXCL8 rs1126647 A/A versus A/T (P = .004) or T/T (P < .0001) and SH3GL2 rs10963287 C/C versus C/T (P = .005) or T/T (P = .018) were associated with improved overall survival in all patients. CLLU1 rs525810 A/A genotype versus A/G (P = .014) or G/G (P = .048) was associated with improved PFS in the continuous daily dosing arm. IL2RA rs7893467 T/G versus T/T was associated with improved PFS (P = .034) in the 4-weeks-on/2-weeks-off arm and objective response rate (P = .034) in all patients. No significant associations between improved efficacy and genotype were found for other SNPs.

Germline variants in CLLU1, IL2RA, CXCL8, and SH3GL2 warrant further retrospective study in independent cohorts of patients with metastatic RCC treated with vascular endothelial growth factor-class inhibitors, to test their biological significance and potential clinical fitness as biomarkers to guide treatment.

Clinical genitourinary cancer. 2017 Feb 27 [Epub ahead of print]

Robert J Motzer, Robert A Figlin, Jean-François Martini, Subramanian Hariharan, Neeraj Agarwal, Chun Xiao Li, J Andrew Williams, Thomas E Hutson

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY. Electronic address: ., Samuel Oschin Comprehensive Cancer Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA., Pfizer Inc, La Jolla, CA., Pfizer Inc, New York, NY., Huntsman Cancer Institute, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT., Baylor Sammons Cancer Center-Texas Oncology, Dallas, TX.

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