Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index as a Predictor of Prognosis in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma Treated with Nivolumab.

The Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) has been reported as a screening tool to assess the nutrition-related risk with mortality in older patients and those with the various diseases. However, the prognostic value of GNRI in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) patients receiving nivolumab therapy remains unclear.

Fifty-six consecutive patients with mRCC receiving nivolumab between September 2013 and August 2020 at our institution were retrospectively analyzed. The survival outcomes and prognostic factors associated with overall survival (OS) were statistically analyzed.

Thirteen and forty-three patients were classified with low (GNRI < 92) and high (GNRI ≥ 92) GNRI, respectively. Patients with low GNRI demonstrated significantly shorter OS (P = 0.0002) than those with high GNRI. In multivariate analysis, GNRI at the time of nivolumab (P = 0.008) was extracted as the predictor for OS in addition to Karnofsky performance status (KPS) (P = 0.016). Integration of the GNRI into the International Metastatic Renal Cell Cancer Database Consortium (IMDC) risk classification improved the c-index from 0.761 to 0.833 (combination of GNRI with IMDC risk classification) and to 0.778 (substitution of GNRI with KPS in IMDC risk classification).

GNRI was a significant prognostic biomarker in mRCC patients receiving nivolumab.

Nutrition and cancer. 2022 Nov 30 [Epub ahead of print]

Ryo Fujiwara, Takeshi Yuasa, Shinya Yamamoto, Motohiro Fujiwara, Kosuke Takemura, Tetsuya Urasaki, Ryosuke Oki, Yoshinobu Komai, Tomohiko Oguchi, Noboru Numao, Junji Yonese

Department of Genitourinary Oncology, Cancer Institute Hospital, Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research, Tokyo, Japan., Department of Urology, Tokyo Metropolitan Cancer and Infectious Diseases Center Komagome Hospital, Tokyo, Japan., Department of Medical Oncology, Cancer Institute Hospital, Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research, Tokyo, Japan.