Despite the current immunotherapy era, VEGFR inhibitors maintain effectiveness in metastatic renal cell cancer. Real-world data concerning pazopanib are limited. The aim of this study is to add information about efficacy and safety of pazopanib as first-line treatment in metastatic renal cell cancer patients not enrolled into clinical trials.
Retrospective analysis (the PAMERIT study) of first-line pazopanib in real-world metastatic renal cell cancer patients among 39 Centers in Italy. Outcomes were progression-free survival, overall survival, objective response rate and treatment-related adverse events. Kaplan-Meier curves, log-rank test and multivariable Cox's models were used and adjusted for age, histology, previous renal surgery, International Metastatic RCC Database Consortium score and pazopanib initial dose.
Among 474 patients, 87.3% had clear cell metastatic renal cell cancer histology. Most of them (84.6%) had upfront renal surgery. Median progression-free survival and overall survival were 15.8 and 34.4 months, respectively, significantly correlating with International Metastatic RCC Database Consortium's good prognosis (P < 0.001), ECOG PS 0 (P < 0.001), age (<75 years, P = 0.005), surgery (P < 0.001) and response to pazopanib (P < 0.001). After 3 months of pazopanib, overall disease control rate have been observed in 76.6% patients. Among International Metastatic RCC Database Consortium's favorable group patients, 57/121 (47%) showed complete/partial response. No unexpected AEs emerged.
In this real-world study, metastatic renal cell cancer patients treated with first-line pazopanib reached greater progression-free survival and overall survival than in pivotal studies and had high response rates when belonging to International Metastatic RCC Database Consortium's favorable group, without new toxicities. Pazopanib has been confirmed a valid first-line option for International Metastatic RCC Database Consortium's good prognosis metastatic renal cell cancer patients who cannot be submitted to immunotherapy.
Japanese journal of clinical oncology. 2020 Nov 20 [Epub ahead of print]
Alessandra Mosca, Ugo De Giorgi, Giuseppe Procopio, Umberto Basso, Giacomo Cartenì, Melissa Bersanelli, Emanuele Naglieri, Luca Galli, Orazio Caffo, Giuseppe Fornarini, Francesco Boccardo, Camillo Porta
Medical Oncology, Department of Translational Medicine, University of Eastern Piedmont, Novara, Italy., Department of Oncology, IRCCS Istituto Scientifico Romagnolo per lo Studio e la Cura dei Tumori (I.R.S.T.), Meldola, Italy., Medical Oncology Department, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, Milano, Italy., Medical Oncology Unit 1, Istituto Oncologico Veneto IOV IRCCS, Padova, Italy., Division of Oncology, Azienda Ospedaliera di Rilievo Nazionale A. Cardarelli, Napoli, Italy., Medical Oncology Unit, University Hospital of Parma, Parma, Italy., Division of Medical Oncology, Istituto Oncologico Giovanni Paolo II, Bari, Italy., Oncology Unit 2, University Hospital of Pisa, Pisa, Italy., Department of Medical Oncology, Santa Chiara Hospital, Trento, Italy., Medical Oncology Unit, Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico (IRCCS) Ospedale Policlinico San Martino, Genova, Italy., Academic Unit of Medical Oncology, IRCCS San Martino Polyclinic Hospital, Genova, Italy., Department of Internal Medicine and Therapeutics, University of Pavia, and Division of Translational Oncology, IRCCS Istituti Clinici Scientifici Maugeri, Pavia, Italy.