Biological functions and prognostic value of RNA Binding Proteins in clear cell Renal Cell Carcinoma.

Early detection and accurate evaluation were both critical to improving the prognosis of clear cell Renal Cell Carcinoma (ccRCC) patients. More importantly, RNA Binding Proteins (RBPs) play a vital role in the tumorigenesis and progression of numerous cancers. However, the relationship between RBPs and ccRCC is still unclear. Exploring the potential biological functions of RBPs in ccRCC and establishing a prognostic signature to predict the survival probability remains meaningful. In this study, transcriptome profiling and the corresponding clinical information were obtained from the TCGA database, GEO database, and ICGC database. By using the "edgeR" R package, 200 DERBPs were found, including 128 up-regulated and 72 down-regulated RBPs. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analyses showed that DERBPs were mainly involved in regulating transcriptional processes and metabolism. Furthermore, there were 4 hub genes (RPS2, RPS14, RPS20, and RPLP0) were found in the PPI network, which may play vital biological roles among those DERBPs. Then we used LASSO regression to construct a prognostic signature and validated the signature in the GEO and ICGC cohort. The time-dependent receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve showed that the signature could accurately predict the prognosis of ccRCC patients. Then we established a nomogram, and the calibration curve and ROC curve showed that the nomogram could accurately predict 1-year, 3-year, and 5-year overall survival (OS) of ccRCC patients (The AUC value: 0.871, 0.829, and 0.816). In conclusion, we constructed a 10-RBPs-based prognostic signature integrating clinical parameters to predict the prognosis of ccRCC patients. The prognostic signature based on the differentially expressed RBPs (DERBPs) might serve as promising diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers in ccRCC.

Journal of Cancer. 2020 Sep 23*** epublish ***

Zhenpeng Zhu, Anbang He, Lanruo Lin, Chunru Xu, Tianyu Cai, Jian Lin

Department of Urology, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 100034, China., Capital Medical University, Beijing 100069, China.