Prognostic value of a gene signature in clear cell renal cell carcinoma

Renal cancer is a common urogenital system malignance. Novel biomarkers could provide more and more critical information on tumor features and patients' prognosis. Here, we performed an integrated analysis on the discovery set and established a three-gene signature to predict the prognosis for clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). By constructing a LASSO Cox regression model, a 3-messenger RNA (3-mRNA) signature was identified. Based on the 3-mRNA signature, we divided patients into high- and low-risk groups, and validated this by using three other data sets. In the discovery set, this signature could successfully distinguish between the high- and low-risk patients (hazard ratio (HR), 2.152; 95% confidence interval (CI),1.509-3.069; p < 0.0001). Analysis of internal and two external validation sets yielded consistent results (internal: HR, 2.824; 95% CI, 1.601-4.98; p < 0.001; GSE29609: HR, 3.002; 95% CI, 1.113-8.094; p = 0.031; E-MTAB-3267: HR, 2.357; 95% CI, 1.243-4.468; p = 0.006). Time-dependent receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis indicated that the area under the ROC curve at 5 years was 0.66 both in the discovery and internal validation set, while the two external validation sets also suggested good performance of the 3-mRNA signature. Besides that, a nomogram was built and the calibration plots and decision curve analysis indicated the good performance and clinical utility of the nomogram. In conclusion, this 3-mRNA classifier proved to be a useful tool for prognostic evaluation and could facilitate personalized management of ccRCC patients.

Journal of cellular physiology. 2018 Nov 11 [Epub ahead of print]

Liang Chen, Yongwen Luo, Gang Wang, Kaiyu Qian, Guofeng Qian, Chin-Lee Wu, Han C Dan, Xinghuan Wang, Yu Xiao

Department of Urology, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, China., Department of Biological Repositories, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, China., Department of Endocrinology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China., Department of Urology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts., Greenebaum Cancer Center, School of Medicine, University of Maryland, Baltimore, Maryland.