Nivolumab is a programmed death 1 (PD-1) inhibitor currently approved as second-line treatment for advanced renal cell carcinomas (RCC) after failure of standard antiangiogenic treatment. Motzer et al. have recently published in the New England Journal of Medicine the findings of CheckMate 214 trial, using nivolumab and ipilimumab, a cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA-4) inhibitor, versus sunitinib in previously untreated advanced RCC. The combination demonstrated a higher 18-month overall survival rate of 75% versus 60%, and a higher objective response rate of 42% versus 27%, for the combination in favor over sunitinib monotherapy. These results herald the rapidly changing role of immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy as first-line treatment for metastatic RCC.
Cancer biology & therapy. 2018 Oct 17 [Epub ahead of print]
Amanda Nizam, Jeanny B Aragon-Ching
a Department of Medicine , The George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences , Washington , DC , USA., b Genitourinary Oncology , Inova Schar Cancer Institute , Fairfax , VA , USA.