An IGRT margin concept for pelvic lymph nodes in high-risk prostate cancer

Gold-marker-based image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT) of the prostate allows to correct for inter- and intrafraction motion and therefore to safely reduce margins for the prostate planning target volume (PTV). However, pelvic PTVs, when coadministered in a single plan (registered to gold markers [GM]), require reassessment of the margin concept since prostate movement is independent from the pelvic bony anatomy to which the lymphatics are usually referenced to.

We have therefore revisited prostate translational movement relative to the bony anatomy to obtain adequate margins for the pelvic PTVs compensating mismatch resulting from referencing pelvic target volumes to GMs in the prostate. Prostate movement was analyzed in a set of 28 patients (25 fractions each, totaling in 684 fractions) and the required margins calculated for the pelvic PTVs according to Van Herk's margin formula [Formula: see text].

The overall mean prostate movement relative to bony anatomy was 0.9 ± 3.1, 0.6 ± 3.4, and 0.0 ± 0.7 mm in anterior/posterior (A/P), inferior/superior (I/S) and left/right (L/R) direction, respectively. Calculated margins to compensate for the resulting mismatch to bony anatomy were 9/9/2 mm in A/P, I/S, and L/R direction and 10/11/6 mm if an additional residual error of 2 mm was assumed.

GM-based IGRT for pelvic PTVs is feasible if margins are adapted accordingly. Margins could be reduced further if systematic errors which are introduced during the planning CT were eliminated.

Strahlentherapie und Onkologie : Organ der Deutschen Rontgengesellschaft ... [et al]. 2017 Jul 19 [Epub ahead of print]

M Groher, P Kopp, M Drerup, H Deutschmann, F Sedlmayer, Frank Wolf

Department of Radiation Oncology, St. Johanns-Spital, Paracelsus Medical University of Salzburg, Müllner Hauptstraße 48, 5020, Salzburg, Austria., Department of Urology, St. Johanns-Spital, Paracelsus Medical University of Salzburg, Müllner Hauptstraße 48, 5020, Salzburg, Austria., Department of Radiation Oncology, St. Johanns-Spital, Paracelsus Medical University of Salzburg, Müllner Hauptstraße 48, 5020, Salzburg, Austria. .

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