The optimal treatment for high-risk prostate cancer (Pca) remains to be established. We previously reported favorable biochemical recurrence-free survival (BRFS) for high-risk Pca patients treated with neoadjuvant therapy comprising a luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonist plus low-dose estramustine (LHRH + EMP) prior to radical prostatectomy (RP). In the present study, we evaluated the efficacy of neoadjuvant therapy comprising a gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist plus low-dose estramustine phosphate (GnRH + EMP) in patients with high-risk Pca.
Between September 2005 and March 2016, we identified 406 high-risk Pca patients of whom 136 received neoadjuvant GnRH + EMP (GnRH group) and 270 received LHRH + EMP (LHRH group) before RP. We retrospectively evaluated the clinical and pathological covariates between the two groups. The endpoint was the rate of pathological T0 status.
The rates of pathological T0 status were 11.0 and 8.9% in the GnRH group and LHRH group, respectively (P = 0.490). The 2-year BRFS rates were 97.8% in the GnRH group and 87.8% in the LHRH group (P = 0.027).
Our findings suggest that neoadjuvant GnRH antagonist + EMP followed by RP may improve the pathological outcomes and reduce the risk of biochemical recurrence in patients with high-risk Pca. Further prospective studies to confirm these findings are warranted.
International urology and nephrology. 2017 Feb 17 [Epub ahead of print]
Kazuhisa Hagiwara, Takuya Koie, Chikara Ohyama, Hayato Yamamoto, Atsushi Imai, Shingo Hatakeyama, Takahiro Yoneyama, Yasuhiro Hashimoto, Yuki Tobisawa, Tohru Yoneyama
Department of Urology, Hirosaki University Graduate School of Medicine, 5 Zaifucho, Hirosaki, 036-8562, Japan., Department of Urology, Hirosaki University Graduate School of Medicine, 5 Zaifucho, Hirosaki, 036-8562, Japan. .