Incidental Dose to Pelvic Nodal Regions in Prostate-Only Radiotherapy.

Pelvic lymph nodal regions receive an incidental dose from conformal treatment of the prostate. This study was conducted to investigate the doses received by the different pelvic nodal regions with varying techniques used for prostate radiotherapy.

Twenty patients of high-risk node-negative prostate cancer treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy to the prostate alone were studied. Replanning was done for intensity-modulated radiotherapy, 3-dimensional conformal treatment, and 2-dimensional conventional radiotherapy with additional delineation of the pelvic nodal regions, namely, common iliac (upper and lower), presacral, internal iliac, obturator, and external iliac. Dose-volume parameters such as Dmean, D100%, D66%, D33%, V40, and V50 to each of the nodal regions were estimated for all patients.

The obturator nodes received the highest dose among all nodal regions. The mean dose received by obturator nodal region was 44, 29, and 22 Gy from 2-dimensional conventional radiotherapy, 3-dimensional conformal treatment, and intensity-modulated radiotherapy, respectively. The mean dose was significantly higher when compared between 2-dimensional conventional radiotherapy and 3-dimensional conformal treatment (P < .001), 2-dimensional conventional radiotherapy and intensity-modulated radiotherapy (P < .001), and 3-dimensional conformal treatment and intensity-modulated radiotherapy (P < .001). The D33% of the obturator region was 64, 39, and 37 Gy from 2-dimensional conventional radiotherapy, 3-dimensional conformal treatment, and intensity-modulated radiotherapy, respectively. The dose received by all other pelvic nodal regions was low and not clinically relevant.

The incidental dose received by obturator regions is significant especially with 2-dimensional conventional radiotherapy and 3-dimensional conformal treatment techniques as used in the trials studying elective pelvic nodal irradiation. However, with intensity-modulated radiotherapy, this dose is lower, making elective pelvic irradiation more relevant.

This study highlights that incidental dose received by obturator regions is significant especially with 2-dimensional conventional radiotherapy and 3-dimensional conformal treatment techniques.

Technology in cancer research & treatment. 2016 Aug 04 [Epub ahead of print]

Vedang Murthy, Shirley Lewis, Mayur Sawant, Siji N Paul, Umesh Mahantshetty, Shyam Kishore Shrivastava

Department of Radiation Oncology, Tata Memorial Centre, Mumbai, India ., Department of Radiation Oncology, Tata Memorial Centre, Mumbai, India., Department of Medical Physics, Tata Memorial Centre, Mumbai, India., Department of Medical Physics, Tata Memorial Centre, Mumbai, India., Department of Radiation Oncology, Tata Memorial Centre, Mumbai, India., Department of Radiation Oncology, Tata Memorial Centre, Mumbai, India.

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