Irreversible electroporation, a new modality in Focal Therapy for prostate cancer.

The extensive use of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing and improved imaging technologies have resulted in an increased diagnosis of prostate cancer. Early diagnosis is often accompanied by an increased number of localized (i. e. unifocal or unilateral), small-volume and low-grade prostate cancers. Focal therapy is an emerging treatment option in prostate cancer, targeting individual cancer areas while sparing important functional and anatomical urological structures. Irreversible electroporation is an innovative treatment modality in focal therapy based on the process of cell membrane electroporation limiting damage to adjacent tissue and vital structures. The first phase I-II trials in humans have shown the safety of IRE for focal ablative therapy of prostate cancer and showed encouraging results considering functional preservation. Histological analysis after IRE showed fibrosis without glandular ducts and necrotic tissue with sharp demarcation between unaffected prostatic glandular tissue and the ablation zone. Short-term oncological results are promising; however more data on long-term oncological outcomes are necessary. New studies with IRE and other focal treatment modalities are initiated to explore opportunities for focal therapy in prostate cancer and to optimize current treatment protocols.

Archivos espanoles de urologia. 2016 Jul [Epub]

M J V Scheltema, W van den Bos, P G K Wagstaff, A W Postema, D M de Bruin, M P Laguna Pes, J J M C H de la Rosette

Department of Urology, AMC University Hospital, Amsterdam, The Netherlands., Department of Urology, AMC University Hospital, Amsterdam, The Netherlands., Department of Urology, AMC University Hospital, Amsterdam, The Netherlands., Department of Urology, AMC University Hospital, Amsterdam, The Netherlands., Department of Urology, AMC University Hospital, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Department of Biomedical Engineering and Physics, AMC University Hospital, Amsterdam, The Netherlands., Department of Urology, AMC University Hospital, Amsterdam, The Netherlands., Department of Urology, AMC University Hospital, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

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