Benefits of partnered strength training for prostate cancer survivors and spouses: results from a randomized controlled trial of the Exercising Together project.

Prostate cancer can negatively impact quality of life of the patient and his spouse caregiver, but interventions rarely target the health of both partners simultaneously. We tested the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a partnered strength training program on the physical and mental health of prostate cancer survivors (PCS) and spouse caregivers.

Sixty-four couples were randomly assigned to 6 months of partnered strength training (Exercising Together, N = 32) or usual care (UC, N = 32). Objective measures included body composition (lean, fat and trunk fat mass (kg), and % body fat) by DXA, upper and lower body muscle strength by 1-repetition maximum, and physical function by the physical performance battery (PPB). Self-reported measures included the physical and mental health summary scales and physical function and fatigue subscales of the SF-36 and physical activity with the CHAMPS questionnaire.

Couple retention rates were 100 % for Exercising Together and 84 % for UC. Median attendance of couples to Exercising Together sessions was 75 %. Men in Exercising Together became stronger in the upper body (p < 0. 01) and more physically active (p < 0. 01) than UC. Women in Exercising Together increased muscle mass (p = 0. 05) and improved upper (p < 0. 01) and lower body (p < 0. 01) strength and PPB scores (p = 0. 01) more than UC.

Exercising Together is a novel couples-based approach to exercise that was feasible and improved several health outcomes for both PCS and their spouses.

A couples-based approach should be considered in cancer survivorship programs so that outcomes can mutually benefit both partners.

ClinicalTrials. gov NCT00954044.

Journal of cancer survivorship : research and practice. 2015 Dec 29 [Epub ahead of print]

Kerri M Winters-Stone, Karen S Lyons, Jessica Dobek, Nathan F Dieckmann, Jill A Bennett, Lillian Nail, Tomasz M Beer

Knight Cancer Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR, 97239, USA. Knight Cancer Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR, 97239, USA. , School of Nursing, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR, 97239, USA. , School of Nursing, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR, 97239, USA. , Knight Cancer Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR, 97239, USA. , Knight Cancer Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR, 97239, USA. , Knight Cancer Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR, 97239, USA.

PubMed

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