Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio may be associated with the outcome in patients with prostate cancer.

PURPOSE: Evidences have shown that neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has a prognostic value in patients with cancer. We wanted to test the prognostic significance of NLR in prostatic cancer of patients who are candidate to radical prostatectomy.

METHODS: We have considered 731 patients. Complete demographic data including age, tumor stage, Gleason score, complete blood count and serum biochemical profile were collected. Pre-treatment percentage of neutrophils and NLR were considered, and correlated with patients data and recurrence free survival.

RESULTS: 389 patients were evaluated, mean age 65 years, mean follow-up 51.5 months, mean recurrence free survival 51.3 months. Total neutrophil count does not correlate with biochemical recurrence and disease free survival. Patients with a value higher of 60% of neutrophils are more likely to have a recurrence. Patients with a total lymphocyte count <1,500 have a higher rate of relapse. NLR was not correlated with baseline total PSA, with Gleason score and with pathological stage; patients with a NLR >3 has a higher incidence of recurrence. In multivariate analysis including age, total PSA and NLR, NLR is the most important factor able to predict recurrence. There are some limitations to this study; first, this is a retrospective study, and the total number of patients analyzed is relatively small.

CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that pre-treatment NLR may be associated with disease free survival in patients with prostate cancer, and could be introduced in clinical practice. NLR has the advantage of low economic cost and wide availability.

Springerplus. 2015 Jun 12;4:255. doi: 10.1186/s40064-015-1036-1. eCollection 2015.

Minardi D1, Scartozzi M2, Montesi L3, Santoni M2, Burattini L2, Bianconi M2, Lacetera V3, Milanese G3, Cascinu S2, Muzzonigro G3.

1 Dipartimento di Scienze Cliniche e Specialistiche, Sezione di Urologia, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Ospedali Riuniti, Ancona, Italy ; Clinica Urologica, Università Politecnica delle Marche, A.O. Ospedali Riuniti, Via Conca 71, 60020 Ancona, Italy.

2 Dipartimento di Oncologia Medica, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Ospedali Riuniti, Ancona, Italy.

3 Dipartimento di Scienze Cliniche e Specialistiche, Sezione di Urologia, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Ospedali Riuniti, Ancona, Italy.