BACKGROUND: Active surveillance (AS) represents an expectant treatment strategy for clinically localized prostate cancer (PCa) with low-risk features.
OBJECTIVE: The actual management as well as the pros and cons of AS were evaluated.
METHODS: A systematic review of the recent literature was performed using the Medline databases.
CONCLUSIONS: Since a substantial number of men die with rather than from PCa, there is a considerable role for AS in carefully selected men. AS may also represent a strategy to reduce the burden of overtreatment rooted in intensified PSA testing. Facing the imprecision of risk stratification based on transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy, accurate clinical staging represents a major medical challenge. Counseling and care require empathy as well as a profound understanding of the biology and the natural history of PCa.
Augustin H, Mayerhofer K, Seles M, Pummer K. Are you the author?
Department of Urology, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria.
Reference: Urol Int. 2015 Mar 17. Epub ahead of print.