Multiparametric MRI of the prostate combines high-resolution anatomic imaging with functional imaging of alterations in normal tissue caused by neoplastic transformation for the identification and characterization of in situ prostate cancer.
Lesion detection relies on a systematic approach to the analysis of both anatomic and functional imaging using established criteria for the delineation of suspicious areas. Staging includes visual and functional analysis of the prostate "capsule" to determine if in situ disease is, in fact, organ-confined, as well as the evaluation of pelvic structures including lymph nodes and bones for the detection of metastasis. Although intertwined, the protocol can be optimized depending on whether lesion detection or staging is of the highest priority.
Margolis DJ. Are you the author?
David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, 200 Medical Plaza, No. 165-43, MC 695224, Los Angeles, CA 90095-6952, USA.
Reference: Biomed Res Int. 2014;2014:684127.