Bone complications among prostate cancer survivors: Long-term follow-up from the prostate cancer outcomes study - Abstract

BACKGROUND: To assess the relationship between androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) exposure and self-reported bone complications among men in a population-based cohort of prostate cancer survivors followed for 15 years after diagnosis.

METHODS: The Prostate Cancer Outcomes Study enrolled 3533 patients diagnosed with prostate cancer between 1994 and 1995. This analysis included participants with non-metastatic disease at the time of diagnosis who completed 15-year follow-up surveys to report development of fracture, and use of bone-related medications. The relationship between ADT duration and bone complications was assessed using multivariable logistic regression models.

RESULTS: Among 961 surviving men, 157 (16.3%) received prolonged ADT (>1 year), 120 (12.5%) received short-term ADT (⩽1 year) and 684 (71.2%) did not receive ADT. Men receiving prolonged ADT had higher odds of fracture (OR 2.5; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.1-5.7), bone mineral density testing (OR 5.9; 95% CI: 3.0-12) and bone medication use (OR 4.3; 95% CI: 2.3-8.0) than untreated men. Men receiving short-term ADT reported rates of fracture similar to untreated men. Half of men treated with prolonged ADT reported bone medication use.

CONCLUSIONS: In this population-based cohort study with long-term follow-up, prolonged ADT use was associated with substantial risks of fracture, whereas short-term use was not. This information should be considered when weighing the advantages and disadvantages of ADT in men with prostate cancer.

Written by:
Morgans AK, Fan KH, Koyama T, Albertsen PC, Goodman M, Hamilton AS, Hoffman RM, Stanford JL, Stroup AM, Penson DF.   Are you the author?
Division of Hematology/Oncology, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, USA; Vanderbilt University Center for Quantitative Sciences and Department of Biostatistics, Nashville, TN, USA; University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT, USA. Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA; Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA; University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA; Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA, USA; University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA.

Reference: Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis. 2014 Aug 19. Epub ahead of print.
doi: 10.1038/pcan.2014.31

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 25134939 Prostate Cancer Section