PURPOSE: To investigate the long-term efficacy of 125I brachytherapy in early-stage prostate cancer and to identify correlating factors.
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METHODS: This study included 117 cases of early stage prostate cancer. The patients ranged in age from 51 to 84 years, with a mean of 73 years. The features of the study population were as follows: the PSA ranged from 0.4 to 47.6 ng/ml (median, 14.7); the Gleason score ranged from 4 to 9 (mean, 6.4); the clinical stage ranged from T1b to T2c; and the positive biopsy rate ranged from 0.08 to 1.0 (mean, 0.45). The mean D90 was 142 Gy and ranged from 106 Gy to 170 Gy. The numbers of low-risk, intermediate-risk and high-risk prostate cancer cases were 22, 29 and 66, respectively. The biochemical no evidence of disease (bNED) rate and overall survival were recorded. Factors that correlated with the outcomes were evaluated.
RESULTS: With a mean follow up of 84 months, 33 cases had biochemical recurrence, with a bNED rate of 72%. The overall survival rate was 90%, and the cancer-specific survival rate was 97%. The bNED rates in the low-risk, intermediate-risk and high-risk groups were 86%, 79% and 64%, respectively (P = 0.040). The patients with PSA < 20 ng/ml, a positive biopsy rate lower than 0.5, and D90 ≥ 140 Gy had lower biochemical recurrence (P = 0.028, 0.006, 0.009, respectively).
CONCLUSIONS: The long-term efficacy of 125I brachytherapy in early stage prostate cancer was shown. bNED is related to risk stratification, PSA level, positive biopsy rate and D90.
Yan W, Chen J, Zhou Y, Zhou Z, Mai Z, Ji Z, Li H, Zhang F. Are you the author?
Department of Urology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, 100730 China; Department of Radiation Oncology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China.
Reference: Springerplus. 2014 Jul 15;3:357.