Radical prostatectomy versus external-beam radiotherapy for localized prostate cancer: Long-term effect on biochemical control-in search of the optimal treatment - Abstract

Radiation Oncology Department, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Madrid, Spain.


The optimal management of patients with clinically localized prostate carcinoma remains undefined due in part to the absence of well-designed, randomized trials.

This retrospective study comprised 505 patients diagnosed with low- or intermediate- risk prostate cancer in 1998-2005 and treated at Hospital Gregorio Marañón (Spain) with radical prostatectomy (RP) or external-beam radiotherapy (EBRT). No adjuvant therapy was administered. Biochemical relapse was defined as a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level ≥0.4 ng/ml for RP cases and nadir + 2 for EBRT cases. RP was performed in 271 patients (53.6%) and EBRT in 234 patients (46.4%). The median follow-up was 60 months. The analysis end point was to compare the biochemical recurrence-free survival (bRFS) between the two groups.

The 5-year bRFS rates for RP and EBRT were 79 ± 2% and 86 ± 2%, respectively (P = 0.48). Multivariate analysis indicated that initial PSA (P = 0.00), perineural invasion in the biopsy specimen (P = 0.00), Gleason score (P = 0.04), EBRT dose (P = 0.02), and positive margins (P = 0.00) were independent predictors of relapse. A decision tree model was constructed with these variables. In the EBRT cohort, a nadir PSA of < 0.3 ng/ml was associated with the best 5-year bRFS (96.6 vs. 56.5% if nadir PSA > 1.3 ng/ml). Late biochemical failure (>5 years) was more frequent in the RT group and with low-dose EBRT (≤ 72 Gy).

The biochemical failure rates were similar between PR and EBRT in low- and intermediate-risk subgroups. Outcome was determined by classic pre-treatment features, perineural invasion, low-dose EBRT (≤ 72 Gy), and nadir PSA value in the RT cohort.

Written by:
González-San Segundo C, Herranz-Amo F, Alvarez-González A, Cuesta-Álvaro P, Gómez-Espi M, Paños-Fagundo E, Santos-Miranda JA.   Are you the author?

Reference: Ann Surg Oncol. 2011 Mar 23. Epub ahead of print.
doi: 10.1245/s10434-011-1660-0

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 21431406

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