Department of Radiation Oncology, CRCHUM-Centre de Recherche du Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal, Hôpital Notre Dame, Montréal, Québec, Canada.
A comparative treatment planning study was conducted to analyze combined intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) vs. three-dimensional highly conformal radiotherapy (3D-hCRT) after (125)I permanent seed brachytherapy in patients with localized prostate cancer.
We optimized an IMRT and a 3D-hCRT treatment plan to 45Gy in 9 patients 2 months after (125)I seed brachytherapy (110Gy) implant. IMRT and 3D-hCRT were planned using eight and seven nonopposed coplanar fields of 6- and 23-MV. Dose-volume histograms for target volume and organs at risk were compared for both techniques.
IMRT provided similar conformality but better homogeneity (p=0.021) than 3D-hCRT plans, despite slightly higher maximal point dose rates (101.9% vs. 100.9%, p=0.050). 3D-hCRT plans required fewer monitor units than did IMRT (289 vs. 607, p=0.008). Dose to bladder, penile bulb, and femoral heads were lower with IMRT than with 3D-hCRT (p=0.008-0.028). No differences were observed for dose to urethra and the entire rectum. Mean dose to rectal wall was lower with IMRT than with 3D-hCRT (25.1 vs. 26.5Gy, p=0.028).
IMRT plans result in more homogeneous dose distribution and in reduced doses to most organs at risk at the expense of needing more than twice the monitor units compared with 3D-hCRT.
Zilli T, Boudreau C, Filion EJ, Donath D, Taussky D. Are you the author?
Reference: Brachytherapy. 2011 Feb 10. Epub ahead of print.