AR coactivators, CBP/p300, are critical mediators of DNA repair in prostate cancer.

Castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) remains an incurable disease stage with ineffective treatments options. Here, the androgen receptor (AR) coactivators CBP/p300, which are histone acetyltransferases, were identified as critical mediators of DNA damage repair (DDR) to potentially enhance therapeutic targeting of CRPC. Key findings demonstrate that CBP/p300 expression increases with disease progression and selects for poor prognosis in metastatic disease. CBP/p300 bromodomain inhibition enhances response to standard of care therapeutics. Functional studies, CBP/p300 cistrome mapping, and transcriptome in CRPC revealed that CBP/p300 regulates DDR. Further mechanistic investigation showed that CBP/p300 attenuation via therapeutic targeting and genomic knockdown decreases homologous recombination (HR) factors in vitro , in vivo , and in human prostate cancer (PCa) tumors ex vivo . Similarly, CBP/p300 expression in human prostate tissue correlates with HR factors. Lastly, targeting CBP/p300 impacts HR-mediate repair and patient outcome. Collectively, these studies identify CBP/p300 as drivers of PCa tumorigenesis and lay the groundwork to optimize therapeutic strategies for advanced PCa via CBP/p300 inhibition, potentially in combination with AR-directed and DDR therapies.

bioRxiv : the preprint server for biology. 2024 May 07*** epublish ***

Sumaira Sardar, Christopher M McNair, Lakshmi Ravindranath, Saswati N Chand, Wei Yuan, Denisa Bogdan, Jon Welti, Adam Sharp, Natalie K Ryan, Matthew J Schiewer, Elise G DeArment, Thomas Janas, Xiaofeng A Su, Lisa M Butler, Johann S de Bono, Kris Frese, Nigel Brooks, Neil Pegg, Karen E Knudsen, Ayesha A Shafi