An evaluation of race-based representation among men participating in clinical trials for prostate cancer and erectile dysfunction.

Inclusion of ethnic/racial minorities in clinical trials is essential to fully assess therapeutic efficacy. It is well-known that populations respond dissimilarly to interventions. Our objective is to analyze the inclusion of minority men in clinical trials for erectile dysfunction (ED).

We searched ClinicalTrials.gov for the disease keyword: "Erectile Dysfunction" and used "Prostate Cancer" for comparison. Completed trials which reported demographic data were included for analysis. Literature was reviewed to determine the prevalence of ED and prostate cancer (PC) among Hispanic, Black, White, and Asian men. The proportion of individuals of each group that participated in trials is divided by the proportion of each group in the disease population to calculate the "Participation to Prevalence Ratio" (PPR). PPRs between 0.8 and 1.2 indicates adequate representation, <0.8 is under-representation and >1.2 is over-representation.

A total of 312 trials were assessed: 289 for prostate cancer and 23 for ED. Hispanic men comprised 11.8% of ED trial participants and 4.6% of prostate cancer trial participants, yet represented 18% of ED patients and 7.3% of PC patients. Black/African-American (AA) men accounted for 10.2% of ED trial participants and 9.4% of PC trial participants, but comprise 16% of ED patients, and 16.3% of PC patients. Hispanic and AA men are under-represented in trials for ED and Prostate Cancer (Hispanic ED PPR = 0.66; Hispanic PC PPR = 0.63; AA ED PPR = 0.64; AA PC PPR = 0.58).

Our analysis shows that both Hispanic and AA men are underrepresented in both ED and PC clinical trials.

Contemporary clinical trials communications. 2022 Aug 28*** epublish ***

Russell G Saltzman, Isaac Zucker, Katherine Campbell, Deep A Gandhi, Kikachukwu Otiono, Alexander Weber, Thomas A Masterson, Ranjith Ramasamy

Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, FL, USA., Herbert Wertheim School of Medicine, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA., University of Missouri-Columbia, School of Medicine, Columbia, MO, USA., University of Central Florida, College of Medicine, Orlando, FL, USA., Michael G. DeGroote School of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada.

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