Black men treated with frontline therapies for metastatic prostate cancer (MPC) show better clinical outcomes than non-Black men receiving similar treatments. Variations in body composition may contribute to these findings. However, preliminary data are required to support this concept. We conducted a retrospective cohort study for all men with MPC evaluated at our center over a 4-year period, collecting demographic and clinical data (N = 74). Of these, 55 men had diagnostic computed tomography images to quantify adipose tissue and skeletal muscle, specifically sarcopenia and myosteatosis. Nineteen men had repeat imaging to explore changes over time. Frequencies, medians, interquartile ranges, and time to event analyses (hazard ratios (HR); confidence interval (CI)) are presented, stratified by race. Overall, 49% (n = 27) of men had sarcopenia, 49% (n = 27) had myosteatosis, and 29% (n = 16) had sarcopenia and myosteatosis simultaneously. No significant relationship between body mass index (Log-rank p=0.86; HR: 1.05, 95% CI: 0.45-2.49) or sarcopenia (Log-rankp=0.92; HR: 1.01, 95% CI: 0.46-2.19) and overall survival was observed. However, the presence of myosteatosis at diagnosis was associated with decreased overall survival (Log-rank p=0.09; HR: 2.34, 95% CI: 1.05-5.23), with more pronounced (statistically nonsignificant) negative associations for Black (HR: 4.39, 95% CI: 0.92-21.1, p=0.06) versus non-Black men (HR: 1.89, 95% CI: 0.79-4.54, p=0.16). Over the median 12.5 months between imaging, the median decline in skeletal muscle was 4% for all men. Black men displayed a greater propensity to gain more adipose tissue than non-Black men, specifically subcutaneous (p=0.01). Because of the potential for Type II errors in this pilot, future studies should seek to further evaluate the implications of body composition on outcomes. This will require larger, adequately powered investigations with diverse patient representation.
Prostate cancer. 2022 Jun 02*** epublish ***
Patricia M Sheean, Paula O'Connor, Cara Joyce, Vasilios Vasilopoulos, Ami Badami, Melinda Stolley
Loyola University Chicago, 2160 South First Avenue, Cuneo 439, Maywood, Chicago, IL 60153, USA., Loyola University Chicago, 2160 South First Avenue, Building 115, Room 254, Maywood, Chicago, IL 60153, USA., Loyola University Medical Center, 2160 South First Avenue, Maywood, Chicago, IL 60153, USA., Medical College of Wisconsin, Division of Hematology and Oncology, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA.